C O N T E N T No. 9, 2016
V. S. B U D K I N,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci., ,
Honor Worker of Science and Technique of Ukraine
Budkin Viktor Sergiiovych
OR “DEPENDENT ECONOMY” – A DILEMMA OF THE REGION
OF POST-SOVIET STATES.
It is shown that the growth of the freedom on the whole and the economic freedom serves as a foundation for a higher level of country’s economic development and for the strengthening of its influence in the frame of the world economy. The author demonstrates convincingly the essential delay of the majority of post-Soviet countries by the indicators of a development of the freedom on the whole and the economic freedom, by proving that namely they are a generalized estimate of the degree of democratic and market transformations in the region of states that are heirs of the Soviet Union.
The author substantiates the close connection of the freedom deficit and the inability to realize a system innovative development of the economy, which causes also the inability to efficiently use the productive, personnel, and technological potentials of the majority of the CIS countries, which were available at the start of transformations.
The article advances successively the idea of that the rejection of the economic progress is immanent to the nature of the economies of post-Soviet countries. This is the objective consequence of the phenomenon of the complete dependence of a business on state’s bureaucracy (and on the dominance of the administratively dependent property). Moreover, it is proved that the formation of a similar economic system is a direct consequence of the realization of the privatization in the region of post-Soviet countries practically by the feudal principle.
The author asserts that the “juridical progress” in post-Soviet countries has not led to the organic increase in the economic freedom for 25 last years. In some countries, the “freedom” manifested itself as the economic anarchy. In this region, “the model of dependent economy” was established. It only imitates main characteristics of the market economy and corresponds only partially to the principles of organization of a market economy. The similar mimicry is dangerous for perspectives of the development of a real market economy on the modern world level.
It is shown that “the model of dependent economy” exists in two forms: administrative and oligarchic ones. The latter is characteristic of Ukraine and Moldova, where the economic dependence is connected only partially (in separate directions and kinds of the business) with the administrative vertical. Of not less meaning is the concentric-circular dependence constructed by the principle of clientele connections on the oligarchic property.
Estimating the perspectives of the development, the author asserts that the ways to overcome “the model of dependent economy” are related to a multifold strengthening of the role of a society, the development of moral-ethic norms (firm rejection of the common acceptance of a corruption and the passiveness to violations of the law, etc.), and the ensuring of the priority of country’s holistic interests, rather than the interests of separate parties or the groups of oligarchs. The author makes a generalizing conclusion about the necessity of the ripening of ideological and political preconditions for cardinal change in the very nature of the economic system of the society of post-Soviet countries.
Keywords: economic freedom, economic dependence, rating of freedom, rating of economic freedom, extensive and intensive mechanisms of the economy, economic and social preconditions for the optimization of the economies of these countries (pp. 3–18).
1. Illarionov A. Akt ekonomicheskoi svobody prinyat [The act on economic freedom is approved]. Livejournal, July 14, 2011, available at: http:// ailarionov/318201.html/livejournal [in Russian].
2. Papava:: akt ekonomicheskoi svobody Gruzii - – smes’ populizma i traditsionnykh oshibok [Papava: the act on Georgia’s economic freedom is a mixture of populism and traditional errors]. Kavkaz. Uzel – Caucasian Node, April 8, 2016, available at: http:// www./ kavkaz- – uzel.eu - /articles/1603888/8.04.2016 [in Russian].
3. Gilan A. Vsya korolevskaya rat’: Kakoi sled ostavili prem’er-ministry v istorii Moldovy [The whole royal army: the trace left by the Prime ministers in Moldova’s history]. Nezavis. Inform. Portal – Indep. Inform. Portal, January 26, 2016, available at: http://www. noi.md/ ru/news_id/77488 [in Russian]. (ð. 3–18).
PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC THEORY
UDK 330.341.4 (477)
A. V. G R Y M A L Y U K,*
Assoc. Professor, Cand. of Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Chair of Economic Theories,
Odesa Institute of Trade and Economics, KNTEU
* © Grymalyuk Andrii Victorovych, 2016;
UNCERTAINTY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Uncertainty becomes a major factor inhibiting investments and the economic development of Ukraine. Meanwhile, the neoclassical school, being “main stream” of the modern economic thought, still defines the general orientation of practical activities in the sphere of the economic policy. This implies that a more complete account for the uncertainty factor can overcome this separation from life and become a theoretical basis for the development of new practical recommendations for the economic policy at the national and regional levels. Therefore, the main tasks of the research are the statement of the problem of a more complete account for the uncertainty factor in the economic theory and the justification of an alternative approach based on these theoretical positions to the management of the process of economic development. In particular, it is possible to adjust the investment uncertainty through its redistribution between different levels of the investment system in order to stimulate private investments. Such redistribution of uncertainty involves the investment system of a new type with an institution of development that performs the role of the Central investment Bank in the center of this system. It buys shares of new enterprises, by financing their creation. Then, when the enterprises begin to work, this institution will sell them into private hands. These enterprises will operate on a private basis and will compete with other enterprises in the market economy in the future. Thereby, the Central investment Bank takes on “lion’s share” of the uncertainty and liberates private investors from the burden of uncertainty. The result is a redistribution of the uncertainty from one level of the system to another one. The main conclusion is that the equilibrium paradigm, which dominates in modern economic theory, needs to be complemented by a nonequilibrium approach to the analysis of the economy in order to better account for the uncertainty not only in theory, ut also in practice.
Keywords: uncertainty, risk, neoclassics, Keynesianism, superprofit, investment system, redistribution of an uncertainty, globalization, equilibrium paradigm, nonequilibrium approach (pp. 19–30).
1. Dilovi ochikuvannya pidpryemstv Ukrainy, II kvartal 2014 r. [Business expectations of Ukraine’s enterprises, II quarter of 2014]. Kyiv, General Econ. Departm. of NBU, 2014, Iss. 2 (34), available at: http://bank.gov.ua/doccatalog/document?id=8804911 [in Ukrainian].
2. Coase R. Priroda firmy, v: Priroda Firmy: k 50-letiyu vykhoda v svet raboty R. Kouza, pod red. O.I. Uil’yamsona i S.Dzh. Uintera [The nature of the firm, in: The Nature of the Firm: to the 50-th anniversary of the publication of R. Coase’s work], edited by O.E. Williamson, S.G. Winter. Moscow, Delo, 2001, pp. 33–52 [in Russian].
3. Kirzner I. Konkurentsiya i Predprinimatel’stvo [Competition and Enterpreneurship]. Moscow, YuNITI, 2001 [in Russian].
4. Arrow K.J. Informatsiya i ekonomicheskoe povedenie [Information and economic behavior]. Vopr. Ekon. – Quest. of Econ., 1995, No. 5, pp. 97–105 [in Russian].
5. Stigler G. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya informatsii, v: Teoriya Firmy, pod red. V.M. Gal’perina [Economics of information, in: Theory of Firm], edited by V.M. Gal’perin. St.-Petersburg, Ekonom. Shkola, 1995, pp. 507–529 [in Russian].
6. Akerlof G. Rynok “limonov”: neopredelennost’ kachestva i rynochnyi mekhanizm [The market of “lemons”: uncertainty of the quality and the market mechanism]. Thesis, 1994, Iss. 5, pp. 91–104 [in Russian].
7. Knight F. Risk, Neopredelennost’ i Pribyl’ [Risk, Uncertainty and Profit]. Moscow, Delo, 2003 [in Russian].
8. Zveryakov M.I. U poshukakh vykhodu z kryzy [In seeking the exit from the crisis]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2013, No. 8, pp. 4–21 [in Ukrainian].
9. Hilferding R. Finansovyi Kapital [Financial Capital]. Moscow, Sotsekgiz, 1959 [in Russian].
10. Derrida J. Prizraki Marksa [Spectres de Marx]. Moscow, Logos, 2006 [in Russian].
11. Grytsenko A.A. Metodologichni osnovy modernizatsii Ukrainy [Methodological bases of the modernization of Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2011, No. 2, pp. 4–21 [in Ukrainian].
12. Gritsenko A.A. Razvitie Form Obmena, Stoimosti i Deneg [Development of the Forms of Exchange, Cost, and Money]. Kiev, Osnova, 2005 [in Russian].
13. Heyets V.M., Grytsenko A.A. Vykhid z kruzy (rozdumy nad aktual’nym u zv’yazku z prochytanym) [The way out from a crisis (reflections about actual things after the reading)]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2013, No. 6, pp. 4–19 [in Ukrainian].
14. The Economic Report of the President. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.
15. Heyets V.M. Yakisni zminy v ekonomitsi Ukrainy e nagal’nymy? [Are qualitative changes in Ukraine’s economy urgent?]. Visn. Nats. Banku Ukrainy – Bull. of Nat. Bank of Ukraine, 2014, No. 4 (218), pp. 5–9 [in Ukrainian].
GOVERNING THE ECONOMY: THEORY AND PRACTICE
O. V. P Y L Y P E N K O,*
Assoc. Professor, Cand. Econ. Sci.,
Professor at the Chair of Economy and Business,
State Economic Technological University of Transport
© Pylypenko Olena Vitaliivna, 2016;
STATE’S CONTROL OVER THE
INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY IN UKRAINE:
PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES
The innovation for each enterprise is risky, expensive, and not always profitable. But, at the macro level, the ability of businesses to introduce and to implement innovations ensures the growth and the development for country’s economy, competitiveness, and access to new markets, incomes, and employment.
The sustainable socio-economic development, high growth rates of economic development, high-quality and competitive products allowing the intense penetration into world markets are inherent not only in the Group of Seven countries, but also China and the "Asian tigers". Competitive production and its high technical technological development are possible through to the state policy aimed at the efficient promotion and regulation of the innovation activity of enterprises, creation of conditions for the commercialization of R&D results, application of the transparent mechanisms for financing the promising innovative projects, and so on.
The aim of this article is to determine the impact of a reformation of the system of public administration of the innovative activity of economic entities in Ukraine on the enhancement of the innovative activity and the creation of conditions for the innovative development of enterprises.
We have indicated the directions of a modernization of the economy of Ukraine, ways of providing the competitiveness of productions, perspective “points of growth”, sectors and segments of the economy, investments in that can ensure the development. The current financial economic crisis in Ukraine and the military aggression from Russia are, of course, negative factors for the development, but it is known that the “crisis is a good time for changes” and, hence, for the introduction of innovations and a renewal of organizational structures. The efficient targeted use of the government expenditures on the defense, military medicine, technique, and technologies is able to stimulate the development of the industrial production, including the transport engineering, aviation, and pharmaceutical industry, by creating “points of growth” in the economy. The formation of competitive clusters will promote the growth of the economy on the whole.
Keywords: innovation, state’s system of control over the innovative activity, state’s financing, financial support of the innovative activity, modernization of the economy, “points of growth” (pp. 31–43).
1. Buzzell R., Bradley T. The PIMS Principles: Linking Strategy to Performance. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1987.
2. Clark K., Griliches Z. Productivity Growth and R&D at the Business Level.RResults From the PIMS Data Base. Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press, 1982.
3. Griliches Z. R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence. Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press; National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007.
4. Amosha O.I., Zemlyankin A.I., Pidorycheva I.Yu. Udoskonalennya systemy upravlinnya innovatsiyamy yak umova pryskorennya strukturnykh reform v Ukraini [Improvement of the system of management of innovations as a condition of acceleration of structural reforms in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2015, No. 9, pp. 49–65 [in Ukrainian].
5. Zhovtanets’ka O.O., Nykyforuk G.I. Derzhavne upravlinnya innovatsiinoyu diyal’nistyu, v: Menedzhment ta Pidpryemnytstvo v Ukraini: Etapy Stanovlennya i Problemy Rozvytku [State’s control over the innovative activity, in: Management and Business in Ukraine: Stages of Formation and Problems of Development]. Visnyk Nats. Univ. “L’viv. Polit.” – Bull. of Nat. Univ. “L’viv. Polit.”, 2011, No. 714, pp. 317–323 [in Ukrainian].
6. Semynozhenko V. Mynulyi rik stav vyznachal’nym dlya segmentu startapiv, potochnyi – prodovzhue tsyu tendentsiyu [The last year became defining for the segment of startups, this year continues this tendency]. Uryadovyi Portal – State’s Portal, available at: http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/ printable_article?art_id=246836925 [in Ukrainian].
7. Salikhova O.B. Renesans derzhavnoi interventsii u promyslovyi rozvytok: ostanni svitovi tendentsii ta uroky dlya Ukrainy [Renaissance of state’s intervention into the industrial development: last world tendencies and lessons for Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2015, No. 9, pp. 19–38 [in Ukrainian].
8. Ekonomichna Entsyklopediya, u 3 t., vidp. red. S.V. Mochernyi ta in. [Economic Encyclopedia, in 3 vols.], edited by S.V. Mochernyi et al. Kyiv, Publ. Center “Akademiya”, 2002, Vol. 3 [in Ukrainian].
9. Stan Rozvytku Nauky i Tekhniky, Rezul’taty Naukovoi, Naukovo-Tekhnichnoi, Innovatsiinoi Diyal’nosti, Transferu Tekhnologii za 2014 Rik [The State of Development of Science and Technique, Results of the Scientific, Scientific-Technical, and Innovative Activities and the Transfer of Technologies for 2014]. Kyiv, Ukr. Inst. of Sci.-Techn. and Econ. Inform., 2015, available at: http://old.mon.gov.ua/img/zstored/files/Ñòàí ðîçâèòêó íàóêè ³ òåõí³êè òà ðåçóëüòàòèâí³ñòü.pdf [in Ukrainian].
10. Gerasymchuk V.G. Finansuvannya program innovatsiinogo rozvytku, v: Naukovi Zapysky, Seriya : Ekonomika [The financing of innovative development programs, in: Scientific Notes, Ser.: Economy]. Ostrog, Publ. House of the Nat. Univ. “Ostrog Academy,” 2012, Iss. 19, pp. 305–310 [in Ukrainian].
11. Finansovye Strategii Modernizatsii Ekonomiki: Mirovaya Praktika, pod red. Ya.M. Mirkina [Financial Strategies of Economy’s Modernization: World Practice], edited by Ya.M. Mirkin. Moscow, Magistr, 2014 [in Russian].
12. Mukhaev R.T. Politologiya [Politology]. Moscow, PRIOR, 2002 [in Russian].
13. Koval’chuk T.T., Koval’chuk N.P. Makroekonomichni Ryzyky: Klasyfikatsiini Oznaky, Sposoby Vymiru, Shlyakhy Minimizatsii [Macroeconomic Risks: Classification Signs, Measurement Means, Ways to Minimize]. Kyiv, Znannya, 2012 [in Ukrainian].
14. Armiya – narodu: vynakhody viis’kovoi promyslovosti, shcho pereishly u tsyvil’nyi vzhytok [Army to peoples: inventions of the military industry that passed to the civil use], available at: http://rework.com.ua/it/armiya-narody [in Ukrainian].
15. Chernyak O.I., Kharlamova G.O. Konvergentsiya vytrat na oboronnyi kompleks ta ekonomichnyi rozvytok krainy [Convergence of expenditures for the defense complex and country’s economic development]. Visnyk KNU im. T.G. Shevchenka – Bull. of T.G. Shevchenko Nat. Univ. of Kyiv, 2013, No. 31, pp. 36–41 [in Ukrainian].
FINANCES. TAXES. CREDIT
L. V. S H I R I N Y A N,
Doctor of Econ, Sci., Professor, Head of the Chair of Finances,
Teaching-Scientific Institute of Economics and Management,
National University of Food Technologies
© Shirinyan Lada Vasylivna, 2016;
THE FUNCTIONING OF THE ACCUMULATING FUNDS OF PREVENTING MEASURES IN INSURANCE ON THE BASIS OF A STATE-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
The questions of the regulation of preventive measures on Ukraine’s insurance market concerning the voluntary insurance remain unsolved till now. Due to the deficit of assets, the state cannot finance the preventive measures completely without the attraction of private partners.
It is proposed to enhance the efficiency of preventive measures in the insurance by means of the creation of obligatory accumulating funds with different levels of regulation: a public-private fund of preventive measures on the principles of public-private partnership, fund of insurance guarantees and preventive measures on the level of unions of insurers, and reserve of preventive measures on the level of an insurer. The economic-legal aspects of the establishment, management, and activity of the funds of preventive measures on Ukraine’s insurance market are studied. It is emphasized that the efficiency of preventive measures in the insurance should be attained under conditions of the maximum benefit for participants of the insurance market and for the society. The question concerning the interaction of state’s bodies of power and management in the insurance sphere with private companies by means of the use of the public-private partnership is clarified, and the foreign experience is discussed as well.
Using the model calculations, the minimum annual incomes to the public-private fund of preventive measures on the level of 0.1% pure insurance premiums on Ukraine’s insurance market are evaluated to be about 160 mln hrv for year. The principles of the formation of an administrative council on management and economic activity of the public-private fund of preventive measures are proposed. Some measures, which are directed to the prevention of insurance cases and can be financed from the assets of such fund, are determined.
The necessity to establishment of a reserve of preventive measures on the level of an insurer is emphasized. The position about such reserve should be developed and used by an insurer with its coordination with a body controlling the insurance activity.
The funds of insurance guarantees and preventive measures on the level of unions of insurers are established not only for the prevention of insurance cases, but also for the guarantee to return the deposits to the depositors of insurance companies, which become bankrupts.
Keywords: preventing measures in insurance, public-private partnership, public-private fund of preventing measures, creation and management of the fund, funds of insurance guarantees (pp. 44–55).
1. Pidgaets’ S. Evropeis’kyi dosvid zastosuvannya modelei derzhavno-pryvatnogo partnerstva [The European experience of the use of models of public-partnership]. Zhurn. Evrop. Ekon. – J. of Europ. Econ., 2011, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 291–305 [in Ukrainian].
2. Vremenko L.V., Korvat O.V. Suchasnyi instrumentarii prudentsiinogo naglyadu za strakhovoyu diyal’nistyu [Modern tools of the prudential control over the insurance activity]. Ekon. Rozvyku – Econ. of Devel., 2009, No. 2, pp. 26–29 [in Ukrainian].
3. Zhabynets’ O.I. Poperedzhennya strakhovykh zlovzhyvan’ yak odyn z faktoriv zabezpechennya ekonomichnoi bezpeky strakhovyka [Prevention of insurance abuses as one of the factors to ensure the economic security of an insurer]. Nauk. Visn. L’viv. Derzh. Univ. Vnutr. Sprav – Sci. Bull. of Lviv State Univ. of Int. Aff., 2009, No. 1, pp. 121–126 [in Ukrainian].
4. Zhilkina M.S. Strakhovoe Moshennichestvo. Pravovaya Otsenka, Praktika Vyyavleniya i Metody Presecheniya [Insurance Fraud. Legal Evaluation, Practice of Discovery and Methods of Suppression]. Moscow, Volters Kluver, 2005 [in Russian].
5. Reznik N.N. Strakhovanie kak preventivnaya mera preduprezhdeniya proizvodstvennogo travmatizma [Insurance as a preventive measure against the production traumatism]. Visn. Ukr. Akad. Bank. Spravy – Bull. of Ukr. Acad. of Banking, 1998, No. 4, pp. 53–54 [in Russian].
6. Shumelda Ya. Likvidatsiya zbytkiv plyus vyyavlennya strakhovykh zlochyniv. Evropeis’kyi dosvid [Liquidation of losses and discovery if insurance crimes. European experience]. Strakhova Sprava – Insur. Aff., 2004, No. 3, pp. 74–77 [in Ukrainian].
7. Gasanov S., Pestrukha S. Zarubizhnyi dosvid derzhavno-pryvatnogo partnerstva v agrostrakhuvanni [The foreign experience of the public-private partnership in the agriinsurance]. Ekonomist – Econom., 2014, No. 8, pp. 17–22 [in Ukrainian].
8. Muzhylivs’kyi V.V. Derzhavno-pryvatne partnerstvo v galuzi strakhuvannya [Publ³ñ-Pr³vàte Pàrtnersh³ð in the Field of Insurance]. Biznes Inform. – Business Inform., 2014, No. 6, pp. 298–302 [in Ukrainian].
9. Shcherbakov V.V. Partnerstvo Gosudarstva i Biznesa v Strakhovanii Sel’skokhozyaistvennykh Riskov: Vyzovy Novogo Vremeni i Perspektivy Razvitiya [The Partnership of State and Business in the Insurance of Agricultural Risks: Challenges of the New Time and Perspectives of Development]. Moscow, Dashkov i Co.°, 2011 [in Russian].
10. Shirinyan L.V., Shirinyan A.S. Mikrostrakhuvannya v Ukraini: Buty chy ne Butu? [Microinsurance in Ukraine: Be or not to Be?]. Cherkasy, Publ. House Yu.A. Chabanenko, 2012 [in Ukrainian].
11. Vinnyts’kyi B., Lend’el M., Onyshchuk B., Segvari P. Dosvid ta Perspektyvy Vprovadzhennya Derzhavno-Pryvatnykh Partnerstv v Ukraini ta za Kordonom [Experience and Perspectives of the Introduction of Publ³ñ-Pr³vàte Pàrtnersh³ðs in Ukraine and Abroad]. Kyiv, K.I.S., 2008 [in Ukrainian].
12. Varnavskii V. Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo: nekotorye voprosy teorii i praktiki [Publ³ñ-ðr³vàte ðàrtnersh³ð: some questions of theory and practice]. Mir. Ekon. i Mezhd. Otnosh. – World Econ. and Intern. Rel., 2011, No. 9, pp. 41–50 [in Russian].
13. Shinkarenko R. Ispol’zovanie indeksov pogody dlya strakhovaniya katastroficheskikh riskov v Meksike [Use of weather indices for the ³nsurànñe of catastrophic risks in Mexico]. Àgrî³nsurànñe, available at: httð://www.àgrî³nsurànñe.ñîm/ru/ðrîduñts/weàther_³ndeõ/?ð³d=12627&ðr³nt=1 [in Russian].
14. “BTA strakhuvannya” proponue vvesty v Kazakhstani obov’yazkove strakhuvannya vid pryrodnykh katastrof [“BTA Insurance” proposes to introduce the obligatory ³nsurànñe against natural catastrophes], available at: httð://fîr³nsurer.ñîm/news/11/06/30/25316 [in Ukrainian].
15. Sîlànà M. Màk³ng ðubl³ñ-ðr³vàte ðàrtnersh³ðs wîrk ³n ³nsurànñe. Impact Insurance, 2015, No. 40.
16. Kuz’minov S.V. Mozhlyvosti ob’ednannya derzhavnoi ta pryvatnoi vlasnosti v spil’nykh pidpryemstvakh, v: Evropeis’kyi Vektor Ekonomichnogo Rozvytku [Possibilities to join the public and private properties in common enterprises, in: European Vector of Economic Development]. Dnipropetrovs’k, A. Nobel Dnipropetrovs’k Univ., 2009, No. 2 (7), pp. 58–67 [in Ukrainian].
17. Vinnyk O.M. Dogovirni vidnosyny derzhavno-pryvatnogo partnerstva: problemy pravovogo regulyuvannya [Contractual relations of the public-private partnership: problems of legal regulation]. Visn. Vyshch. Rady Yustyts. – Bull. of High. Justice Council, 2013, No. 2 (14), pp. 90–107 [in Ukrainian].
PROBLEMS OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND DECENTRALIZATION
S. M. G R I N E V S ’ K A,
Cand. of Econ. Sci.,,
Senior Sci. Researcher,
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine
© Grinevs’ka Svitlana Mykolaivna, 2016;
FORMATION OF A MECHANISM OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF A REGION UNDER CONDITIONS OF THE MANAGEMENT DECENTRALIZATION
System of economic development in Ukraine needs to be currently improved. Namely, it should be improved in the following directions: territories self-development stimulation, increasing the interests in the regional level while solving local socio-economic issues, developing new approaches to the usage and accumulation of socio-economic resources of the territory.
In crisis situations that took place in all the economic spheres in Ukraine during 2014-2015 and continue in 2016 new state regional policy is to unite search of independent regional activities and aimed state regulation with compulsory policy of interaction between regions. Development of the new mechanism of state regulation is to include mechanisms of region’s self-development.
The present article concerns itself with the basic directions of developing mechanisms of region’s self-development in terms of decentralization management. The conceptual scheme of the interconnections of decentralization management by means of the processes of regions’ self-development concerning region’s social resources is defined. Potential variants of management processes of self-development on the basis of human capital accumulation in terms of management deñentralization are provided.
The necessity to improve the system of economic management by means of the decentralization processes in the current stage of development of Ukrainian state is obvious. Quality and speed of economic transformations in regions and in the country depends on the process of regional development state regulation. Strategic aim of economic transformations happening in Ukraine should be modernization of region's economy, stipulating for using new mechanisms of state regulation for solving first-priority regional socio-economic problems.
Keywords: management decentralization, self-development of a region, mechanism of self-development of a region, social resources (pð. 56–69).
1. Clark C., Chan S. What can one learn from the Asian flu? Implications for the development state, in: Development States: Relevancy, Redundancy or Reconfiguration? Edited by L. Low. New York, Nova Science, 2004, pp. 41–44.
2. Boyer R. Pierre Bourdieu Analyste du changement? Une lecture a la lumiere de la theorie de la regulation. Paris, Couverture Orange CEPREMAP, 2004, No. 01.
3. Regiony Ukrainy: Problemy ta Priorytety Social’no-Ekonomichnogo Rozvytku, za red. Z.S. Varnaliya [Regions of Ukraine: Problems and Priorities of the Socio-Economic Development], edited by Z.S. Varnalii. Kyiv, Znannya Ukrainy, 2005 [in Ukrainian].
4. Gal’chins’kyi A. Ekonomichnyi rozvytok: metodologiya onovlenoi paradygmy [Economic development: methodology of the updated paradigm]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2012, No. 5, pp. 4–17 [in Ukrainian].
5. Danilishin B. Regionalizm v Ukraine: real’nost’ i perspektivy [Regionalism in Ukraine: reality and perspectives]. Zerkalo Nedeli – Week’s Mirror, 2012, No. 22 [in Russian].
6. Keating M. Novyi regionalizm v Zapadnoi Evrope [The new regionalism in Western Europe]. Logos – Logos, 2003, No. 6 (40), pp. 67–116, available at: www.ruthenia.ru/logos/number/40/07.pdf [in Russian].
7. Linguist G., Protsiv S., Sölvell Ö. Regions, Innovation and Economic Prosperity: Evidence from Europe. Stockholm, 2009, available at: http://www2.spi.pt/AvaliacaoClusters/Docs/EUClusterMappingandStrengthening ClustersinEurope.pdf.
8. Storper M., Venables A.J. Buzz: face-to-face contact and the urban economy. J. of Economic Geography, August 2004, Vol. 4(4), pp. 351–370.
9. Tatarkin A., Doroshenko S. Institut strategicheskogo planirovaniya v usloviyakh samorazvivayushchikhsya regionov [Institution of strategic planning under conditions of self-developing regions]. Obshchestvo i Ekonomika. – Society and Economy, 2009, Nos. 11-12, pp. 100–120 [in Russian].
10. Emerging Clusters: Theoretical, Empirical and Political Perspectives on the Initial Stage of Cluster Evolution, edited by D. Fornahl, S. Henn, M.-P. Menzel. Cheltenham, Elgar, 2010.
11. Khmeleva G.A. Chelovecheskii Kapital kak Uslovie Formirovaniya Innovatsionnoi Ekonomiki Regiona [Human Capital as a Condition of the Formation of Region’s Innovative Economy]. Samara, SASMM, 2012 [in Russian].
12. Chumachenko N.G. Ocherki po Ekonomike Regiona, sost. B.M. Birenberg, L.G. Chervova, L.M. Kuz’menko [Essays on Region’s Economy], composed by B.M. Birenberg, L.G. Chervova, L.M. Kuz’menko. Kyiv, Naukova Dumka, 1995 [in Russian].
13. Shvetsov A.N. Novaya evropeiskaya regional’naya politika: printsipial’nye osobennosti [New European regional policy: principal peculiarities]. Probl. Analiz i Gosud.-Upravl. Proekt. – Probl. Analysis and State-Manag. Project., 2009, Vol. 2, No. 2, p. 50 [in Russian]..
14. Sherstyankina T.V. Innovatsionno-poznavatel’nye tendentsii v opredelenii samodostatochnosti rossiiskikh regionov [Innovative-cognitive tendencies in the determination of the self-sustainability of the Russian regions]. Vest. Buryat. Gos. Univ. Ser. Filos., Sotsiol., Polit., Kul’tur. – Bull. of Buryat. State Univ., Ser. Phil., Sociol., Politol., Cult., 2009, Iss. 14, pp. 96–100 [in Russian].
15. Kapelyushnikov R.I. Ekonomicheskii podkhod G. Bekkera k chelovecheskomu povedeniyu [G. Becker’s economic approach to the human behavior]. SShA: Ekon., Polit., Ideol. – USA: Economy, Policy, Ideol., 1993, No. 11, p. 17 [in Russian].
QUESTIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF AIC
T. A. Z A Y A T S,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Department of Problems of Formation of Social Capital,
G. O. K R A E V S K A Y A,
Cand. of Econ. Sci.,
Sci. Researcher of the Department of Problems of Formation of Social Capital
M. V. Ptukha Institute of Demography and Social Studies
of the NAS of Ukraine
© Zayats Tat’yana Anatol’evna, 2016;
© Kraevskaya Galina Aleksandrovna, 2016;
ECONOMIC FOUNDATION FOR UKRAINE’S RURAL SETTLEMENTS AND PERSPECTIVES OF ITS STRENGTHENING
The formed system of rural settling is an essential basis for ensuring the economic and social development of the country. The transformational changes in such system affect essentially the conditions of vital activity of the population, forms of its employment, and the accessibility of services. The modern dominant structural-functional changes in the system of rural settling in Ukraine (in particular, a refinement of the rural network and a depopulation of the majority of settlements) and the one-profile character of their economic activity deepen the destructive processes of socio-economic degradation of rural territories with extremely undesired consequences for the population (such as the unemployment, low earned incomes, absence of an appropriate access to social services).
Unfortunately, the executed studies confirm that the transformational changes in the sectoral structure of the national economy and in the forms of property and economic activity did not favor a strengthening of the economic basis of the functioning of Ukraine’s rural settlements. The perspectives of their further socio-economic development depend to a significant extent on the efficiency of the system of state’s support of the agrarian sector of the economy and the agriculture as its leading link, as well as on the possibilities of a transformation of personal rural farms into productive forms of a farming. In connection of a complication of the socio-economic situation in Ukraine, it is necessary to focus attention on the development of efficient system measures directed to the preservation of the available rural network of settlements and to the formation of conditions necessary for its development.
Keywords: rural settling, settlement network, economic entities, agrarian sector, perspectives of development (pð. 70–81).
1. Gogol’ T.V. Bagatofunktsional’nyi rozvytok sil’s’kykh terytorii – strategichna meta derzhavnoi regional’noi polityky [The multifunctional development of rural territories is a strategic purpose of state’s regional policy], available at: www.nbuv.gov.ua/e-journals/...1/.../Gogol.pdf [in Ukrainian].
2. Lupenko Yu.O., Malik M.I., Bulavka O.G. et al. Strategichni Napryamy Stalogo Rozvytku Sil’s’kykh Terytorii na Period do 2020 Roku [Strategic Directions of a Sustainable Development of Rural Territories Till 2020]. Kyiv, IAE, 2013 [in Ukrainian].
3. Lupenko Yu.O., Kropyvko M.K. Agrokholdyngy v Ukraini ta posylennya sotsial’noi spryamovanosti ikh diyal’nosti [Agroholdings in Ukraine and the enhancement of the social orientation of their activity]. Ekonomika APK – Econ. of AIC, 2013, No. 7, pp. 5–21 [in Ukrainian].
4. Zayats’ T.A., Kraevs’ka G.O. Derzhavni priorytety rozvytku sil’s’kogo rozselennya Ukrainy [State’s priorities of the development of Ukraine’s rural settling]. Ekon. ta Derzh. – Econ. and State, 2014, No. 10, pp. 15–17 [in Ukrainian].
5. Yurchyshyn V.V. Do problem systemnoi pereorientatsii rozvytku agrosfery na zasadakh socioekonomiky [To problems of the system reorientation of the agrisphere on principles of socioeconomy]. Ekonomika APK – Econ. of AIC, 2013, No. 11, pp. 6–17 [in Ukrainian].
6. Prokopa I., Borodina O. Yaka model’ agrosektoru neobkhidna Ukraini? [Which model of the agrisector is necessary to Ukraine?]. Dzerk. Tyzhnya – Week’s Mirr., 2012, No. 18, available at: http://dt.ua/ECONOMICS/yaka_model_agrosektoru__neobhidna_ukrayini-102318.html [in Ukrainian].
7. Borodina O.M., Heyets V.M., Gutorov A.O. et al. Ukrains’ka Model’ Agrarnogo Rozvytku ta Ii Sotsioekonomichna Pereorientatsiya, za red. V.M. Geitsya, O.M. Borodinoi, I.V. Prokopy [The Ukrainian Model of Agrarian Development and Its Socio-Economic Reorientation], edited by O.M. Borodina, V.M. Heyets, I.V. Prokopa. Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2012 [in Ukrainian].
8. Moldavan L.V. Formy gospodaryuvannya v agrarnomu sektori krainy v umovakh globalizatsii [Forms of management in country’s agrarian sector under condition of the globalization]. Ekonomika APK – Econ. of AIC, 2010, No. 1, pp. 13–17 [in Ukrainian].
9. Klyuchnyk A.V. Formuvannya i Rozvytok Ekonomichnogo Potentsialu Sil’s’kykh Terytorii Ukrainy [Formation and Development of the Economic Potential of Rural Territories of Ukraine]. Mykolaiv, Dyzain ta Poligr., 2011 [in Ukrainian].
10. Tereshchenko V.K. et al. Sotsial’no-Ekonomichnyi Rozvytok Sil’s’kykh Terytorii: Metodologichno-Prykladni Aspekty, za red. V.K. Tereshchenka [Socio-Economic Development of Rural Territories: Methodological Applied Aspects], edited by V.K. Tereshchenko. Kyiv, Nizhyn, Publ. House M.M. Lysenko, 2012 [in Ukrainian].
11. Sotsial’ni Rezul’taty Derzhavnykh Program: Teoretyko-Metodologichni ta Prykladni Aspekty Otsinyuvannya, za red. E.M. Libanovoi [Social Results of State’s Programs: Methodological-Theoretic and Applied Aspects of Evaluation], edited by E.M. Libanova. Uman’, Publ. House “Sochins’kyi”, 2012 [in Ukrainian].
12. Bil’ovs’kyi O. A. Budivnytstvo dostupnogo orendnogo zhytla yak strategichnyi napryam derzhavnoi zhytlovoi polityky Ukrainy [The building of accessible rental dwellings as a strategic direction of the state housing policy of Ukraine]. Strateg. Prioryt. – Strateg. Priorit., 2014, No. 2 (31), pp. 67–72.
SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE
B. O. K R I M E R,
Cand. of Econ. Sci.,
Senior Sci. Researcher,
Department of Studies of Demographic Processes and Policy,
M. V. Ptukha Institute of Demography and Social Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
© Krimer Borys Oleksandrovych, 2016;
FINANCIAL TOOLS OF THE FAMILY POLICY IN UKRAINE IN THE CONTEXT OF AN IMPROVEMENT OF THE SYSTEM OF ASSISTANCE TO THE FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN
The modern family policy is a wide sphere, whose improvement requires changes in many components of the social policy. Its priorities are reduced to the welfare of children, gender equality, and the union of the employment and the family life. The balance of these three priorities determines the differentiation of the family policies in separate countries.
The increased poverty of families with children causes the presence of the tools of financial support, which are perceived not as expenditures, but as investments decreasing the expenditures of a country in the future. The most spread form of a material support is the payments: monthly payments to the families with children and one-time grants; there is no common scheme for them. Money payments are a flexible means to struggle against the poverty, especially under conditions of the economic crisis. The targeted help plays a significant role in the modern policy. In addition, its development is justified under conditions of a crisis; however, it is not replace completely the universal support. Along with direct payments, the tax benefits and the allocation of various discounts are actively used.
The role of the joining of the birth of a baby and the employment of the parents increases more and more, in particular, in the content of a development of the sphere of social services on child’s care. The development of possibilities of such joining is the very actual question for Ukraine, though it is perceived now less sharply, than the material problems of parents and the question of a dwelling.
In order to overcome child’s poverty, it is necessary to focus attention on the self-supporting of families with children and to develop the system of their material support. An optimum way to improve Ukraine’s family policy is the complex of measures including the ensuring of the employment and the material self-sustainability of parents, necessary material backing of families with children, solution of the problem of a dwelling, allocation of the corresponding services on child’s care, and creation of a favorable medium in the country for the families with children.
Keywords: family policy, social policy, financial tools, improvement (pp. 82–93).
1. Makarova O.V. Programy sotsial’noi pidtrymky: otsinka rezul’tativ ta shlyakhy udoskonalennya [Programs of social support: estimate of results and ways to the improvement]. Demogr. ta Sots. Ekon. – Demogr. and Social Economy, 2013, No. 1, pp. 47–56 [in Ukrainian].
2. Bertillon J. Vymiranie Frantsuzskogo Naroda [Finis Galliae!]. St.-Petersburg, Izdatel’, 1899 [in Russian].
3. Lohmann H., Peter F., Rostgaard T., Spiess K. Towards a framework for assessing family policies in the EU. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper, 2009, No. 88, available at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/towards-a-framework-for-assessing-family-policies-in-the-eu_223883627348.
4. Thévenon O., Neyer G. Family policies and diversity in Europe: the state-of-the-art regarding fertility, work, care, leave, laws and self-sufficiency. Families and Societies, 2014, No. 7, p. 68, available at: http://www.familiesandsocieties.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/WP7ThevenonNeyer2014.pdf.
5. Adema W., Ali N., Thévenon O. Changes in family policies and outcomes: is there convergence? OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, 2014, No. 157, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jz13.
6. Basten S., Frejka T. Fertility and family policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Barnett Papers in Social Research, 2015, No. 15-01 (9), available at: http://www.spi.ox.ac.uk/fileadmin/documents/PDF/150306_Barnett_Paper_15-01.pdf.
7. Gauthier A. The impact of the economic crisis on family policies in the European Union. European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities DG, 2010, available at: http://europa.eu/epic/docs/final-revised.pdf.
8. Rękas M. Tax policy tools as an element of pro-family policy in France and in Germany – recommendations for Poland // Ekonomia i Prawo – Economy and Law, 2015, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 7–18.
CRITIQUE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
V. M. T A R A S E V Y C H,
Professor, Doctor Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Chair of Political Economy,
National Academy of Metallurgy of Ukraine,
O. V. Z O L O T A R Y O V A,
Assoc. Professor, Cand. of Econ. Sci.,
Assoc. Professor at the Chair of Finances and Account,
Dniprodzerzhyns’k State Technical University
Tarasevych Viktor Mykolaiovych, 2016;
Zolotaryova Ol’ga Volodymyrivna, 2016;
MODERN FINANCIALIZATION AND
GLOBAL CHALLENGES AND NATIONAL ANSWERS
1. Eshchenko P.S., Samko N.G. Finansializatsiya u Vodoverti Global’noi Ekonomiky [Financialization in the Global Economy Whirlpool]. Kyiv, Znannya Ukrainy, 2016 [in Ukrainian].
I. G. M A N T S U R O V,*
Professor, Doctor Econ. Sci.,
Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine,
Honored Economist of Ukraine,
Director of the Institute of System Statistical Studies,
S. G. D R Y G A,
Professor, Doctor Econ. Sci.,
Honored Economist of Ukraine,
Head of the Chair of Economy and Finances of Kiev National University
of Trade and Economics
© Mantsurov Igor Germanovych, 2016;
© Dryga Sergii Georgiyovych, 2016;
COMPETITION AND BUSINESS ARE INTEGRAL ATTRIBUTES OF A MARKET
1. Varnalii Z.S. Konkurentsiya i Pidpryemnytstvo [Competition and Business]. Kyiv, Znannya Ukrainy, 2015 [in Ukrainian].
SUMMARIES (pp. 102–104).
|No. 11, 2017|
SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSIONS UDC 330.341.424:339.9 M.... »
SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSIONS UDC 330.001.7+32.001.7] – 042.5/8:330.34(477) V.... »
PROBLEMS OF THE ECONOMIC THEORY UDC 330.342 A. I. K R... »
UDC 339.74 GRZEGORZ W. K O L O D K O, Professor, Director of the... »
SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSIONS UDC 338.24.021.8:94(477) V. M. T A... »
FAUX J. – U.S. trade policy – time to start over (in... »
UDÑ 339.97 V. R. S I D E N K O, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Corresponding... »
FINANCES. TAXES. CREDIT UDÑ 306.1 T. I. ²... »
GOVERNING THE ECONOMY: THEORY AND PRACTICE UDÑ 330.342.3:338.45:330.46 Yu.... »
UDC 336.1:316.34 P. S. E S H C H E N K O, Professor, Doctor... »
UDC: 330:338.1 V. M. H E Y E T S, Professor, Doctor of... »
SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSIONS UDC 338.45.01 V. L. M A Z U R, Professor,... »