M Y K H A I L O K H V E S Y K,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Academician of the NAAS of Ukraine, Director,
© Khvesyk Mykhailo, 2018;
I G O R B Y S T R Y A K O V,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Deputy Director on Research,
Head of the Department for Comprehensive Evaluation
and Management of Natural Resources,
© Bystryakov Igor, 2018;
D M Y T R O K L Y N O V Y Y,
Associate Professor, Cand. of Econ. Sci.,
Leading Researcher of the Department for Comprehensive Evaluation
and Management of Natural Resources
© Klynovyy Dmytro, 2018;
Institute of Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development
of the NAS of Ukraine
60, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., Kyiv, 01032, Ukraine
FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC MECHANISM
OF UKRAINE’S RECONSTRUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT
ON THE BASES OF DECENTRALIZED MANAGEMENT
OF NATURAL RESOURCES
The article deals with determining the ways to ensure the process of intra-system harmonization of interrelationships of economic and political transformations regarding Ukraine’s reconstructive development from the standpoint of model ideas about a promising financial and economic mechanism of decentralized management of natural resources.
The natural-resource paradigm of reconstructive development is proposed. The emphasis is on formation of relations between economic entities specific to the liberal democratic model (in particular, regarding the ordering of natural-resource relations). An important place is given to applying the latest financial and economic support for decentralized management of natural resources. The nature of relationship of the “natural resources” and “natural resource assets” categories is shown. The natural resources are considered precisely as a capital of natural origin, which can be directly involved in economic turnover, and therefore it has value as a commodity and a consumer value, that is, it is really capable of satisfying the needs of the population. The natural asset directly relates to simulation of determination of the reconstructive action directions and is a natural resource involved in economic turnover; or, one that can be immediately directly used in production of goods or provision of services. The main benchmark when improving the management structure of natural resource assets is related to the deepening of economic activity at the territorial level.
A significant place is given to streamlining the system of financial relations between business and government from the standpoint of developing a reconstructive economy in direction of forming a liberal-social model of development.
Attention is focused on implementation of the reconstructive development concept. Such a concept for the effective use of natural resources of territories is considered as a process of predominantly cyclic nature. The process is represented by an appropriate algorithm based on the use of flexible management methods, taking into account the priority levers in the space-time dimension.
Keywords: natural resources, financial and economic mechanism, reconstructive development, decentralization, management, liberal-democratic model (ðð. 3–20).
References 5; Figures 2; Tables 2.
1. Heyets V.M. Osoblyvosti vzaemozv”yazku ekonomichnykh ta politychnykh transformatsii na shlyakhu do rekonstruktyvnoho rozvytku ekonomiky Ukrainy [Peculiarities of interrelationship of economic and political transformations on the way to reconstructive development of Ukraine’s economy]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 10, pp. 3–17 [in Ukrainian].
2. Mints A.A. Ekonomicheskaya Otsenka Estestvennykh Resursov [Economic Evaluation of Natural Resources]. Moscow, Mysl’, 1972 [in Russian].
3. Kompleksna Ekonomichna Otsinka Pryrodnykh Resursiv [Comprehensive Economic Evaluation of Natural Resources]. M.A.Khvesyk (Ed.). Kyiv, IEESD of the NAS of Ukraine, 2013 [in Ukrainian].
4. Honore À.Ì. Ownership, in: Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence. A.W. Quest (Ed.). London, New York, Oxford University Press, 1961.
5. Finansovo-Ekonomichnyi Mekhanizm Upravlinnya Terytorial’nymy Pryrodno-Hospodars’kymy Kompleksamy [Financial and Economic Mechanism of Management of the Territorial Natural and Economic Complexes]. M.A.Khvesyk (Ed.). Kyiv, IEESD of the NAS of Ukraine, 2016 [in Ukrainian].
UDC 005.21:005.332.4 (477)
V O L O D Y M Y R L Y P O V,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Professor of the Department of International
Economics and Management
of Foreign Economic Activity
Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics,
4, Svobody Sq., Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
© Lypov Volodymyr, 2018;
COMPETITIVE STRATEGY FOR UKRAINE’S DEVELOPMENT
IN GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS
I. The initial principles of geo-economic analysis and forecasting of
Ukraine’s development strategy in the context of globalization
The natural-resource and sociocultural potentials for the formation of competitive strategies for Ukraine’s integration into the global economy are considered. An attention is focused on contradictions of the influence of factors of the natural environment. These factors include the richness of natural resources and central location, which simultaneously create opportunities and form challenges for the development an independent economy. In particular, they predetermine the ambivalence of social orientations of values inherent in the national culture of management and formation of the phenomenon of “resource curse”, thus creating barriers to obtaining the international competitive advantages through the introduction of modern technologies. The influence of values on the formation of competitive strategies is considered. On the example of using the results of research of the distance of social trust of Ukrainians within the framework of the World Values Survey (2010-2014), the author shows the origins of the problem of building up an effective model of the capitalist system based on values, which at the same time deny both individual initiative and forms of social cooperation going beyond the close relatives. This limits the possibilities for the formation of models of corporation as a pool of capital (Anglo-Saxon countries) or individuals (North and Central Europe (NCE) countries). At the same time, one and a half hundred years of experience of economic modernization denies traditional values of mutual responsibility of proprietor and hired worker, on which the patriarchal corporations of South-East Asia (SEA) are built. It is shown that such a situation predetermines the difference between the existing model of corporation-state interaction and models of minimization of etatism or its avoidance (Anglo-Saxon and NCE countries) or the idea of the state as a large corporation (SEA countries). The situation with forming the oligarchic-clan structure refers to the receipt of rental income through exploitation of the state resources. The emphasis is placed on the need to take into account the requirements for supporting the complementarity elements of the national culture of management and institutional structure of the forming economic model. The instruments of institutional transformations, which can be used in the process of formation of competitive strategies of Ukraine (institutional bricolage, recombination, layering, translation, displacement, transplantation and growing), are considered.
Keywords: institutions, institutional complementarity, institutional transformations, competitive strategies, national culture, natural resource potential, social orientation of a value system (pp. 21–35).
References 35; Figures 2.
1. Faux J. Torhovel’na polityka SShA – chas pochaty spochatku [U.S. trade policy – time to start over]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 16–30 [in Ukrainian].
2. Bilorus O.G. Introvertnyi heoekonomichnyi rozvorot SShA ta ioho potentsial’ni global’ni naslidky [Introvert geo-economic u-turn of the United States and its potential global consequences]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 67–77 [in Ukrainian].
3. Yaremenko O.L. Global’ni dysbalansy ta novyi protektsionizm: instytutsiina hipoteza [Global imbalances and new protectionism: an institutional hypothesis]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 106–122 [in Ukrainian].
4. Artomova T.I. Global’ne ekonomichne liderstvo u konteksti tsinnisnoho analizu [Global economic leadership in the context of value analysis]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 123–135 [in Ukrainian].
5. Ostashko T.O. Protektsionizm u torhovel’nii politytsi SShA: vysnovky dlya Ukrainy [Protectionism within the US trade policy: conclusions for Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 136–150 [in Ukrainian].
6. Ekonomika Ukrainy: Stratehiya i Polityka Dovhostrokovoho Rozvytku [Economy of Ukraine: Strategy and Policy of Long-term Development]. V.M. Heyets (Ed.). Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, Feniks, 2003 [in Ukrainian].
7. Konkurentospromozhnist’ Natsional’noi Ekonomiky [Competitiveness of the National Economy]. B.E. Kvasnyuk (Ed.). Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, Feniks, 2005 [in Ukrainian].
8. Konkurentospromozhnist’ Ekonomiky Ukrainy v Umovakh Globalizatsii [Competitiveness of Ukraine’s Economy in Conditions of Globalization]. Ya.A. Zhalilo (Ed.). National Institute for Strategic Studies. Kyiv, Znannya Ukrainy, 2005 [in Ukrainian].
9. Stratehichni Vyklyky XXI Stolittya Suspil’stvu ta Ekonomitsi Ukrainy. V 3 t. T. 3: Konkurentospromozhnist’ Ukrains’koi Ekonomiky [Strategic Challenges of the XXI Century to the Society and the Economy of Ukraine. In 3 vol. Vol. 3: Competitiveness of Ukraine’s Economy]. V.M. Heyets, V.P. Semynozhenko, B.E. Kvasnyuk (Eds.). Kyiv, Feniks, 2007 [in Ukrainian].
10. Konkurentospromozhnist’ Ekonomiky Ukrainy: Stan i Perspektyvy Pidvyshchennya [Competitiveness of Ukraine’s Economy: State and Prospects of Raising]. I.V. Kryuchkova (Ed.). Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, Osnova, 2007 [in Ukrainian].
11. Shnypko O. Konkurentospromozhnist’ Ukrainy v Umovakh Globalizatsii [Competitiveness of Ukraine in Conditions of Globalization]. Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2009 [in Ukrainian].
12. Konkurentospromozhnist’: Kraina, Rehion, Pidpryemstvo [Competitiveness: Country, Region, Enterprise]. Yu.V. Poluneev (Ed.). The Council on Competitiveness of Ukraine. Kyiv, LAT&K, 2006 [in Ukrainian].
13. Heyets V.M. Chomu znovu nastav chas pochynaty spochatku? [Why is it time to start over again?]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 31–38 [in Ukrainian].
14. Hawrylyshyn B. Natsional’na Ideya, Utopiya chy Real’na Mozhlyvist’, v: Konkurentospromozhnist’: Kraina, Rehion, Pidpryemstvo [National Idea, Utopia or Real Opportunity, in: Competitiveness: Country, Region, Enterprise]. Yu.V. Poluneev (Ed.). The Council on Competitiveness of Ukraine. Kyiv, LAT&K, 2006, pp. 26–35 [in Ukrainian].
15. Grytsenko A.A. Lohiko-istorychni zasady kardynal’nykh ekonomichnykh zmin i perekhid do rekonstruktyvnoho rozvytku [Logical and historical bases of cardinal economic changes and transition to reconstructive development]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 5-6, pp. 39–57 [in Ukrainian].
16. Inglehart R., Welzel C. Modernizatsiya, Kul’turnye Izmeneniya i Demokratiya [Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy]. Moscow, New PH, 2011 [in Russian].
17. Braudel F. Igry Obmena [Capitalism and Material Life, 1400-1800]. Moscow, Progress, 1988 [in Russian].
18. Hawrylyshyn B. Do Efektyvnykh Suspil’stv. Dorohovkazy v Maibutne [Towards More Effective Societies. Road Maps to the Future]. Kyiv, Pul’sary, 2009 [in Ukrainian].
19. Banfield E. The Moral Basis of a Backward Society. Glencoe, Illinois, The Free Press, 1958.
20. Harrison L. Evrei, Konfutsiantsy i Protestanty. Kul’turnyi Kapital i Konets Mul’tikul’turalizma [Jews, Confucians and Protestants: Cultural Capital and the End of Multiculturalism]. Moscow, Mysl’, 2014 [in Russian].
21. Harrison L. Glavnaya Istina Liberalizma. Kak Politika Mozhet Izmenit’ Kul’turu i Spasti Ee ot Samoi Sebya [The Central Liberal Truth: How Politics Can Change a Culture and Save It from Itself]. Moscow, New PH, 2008 [in Russian].
22. Putnam R. et al. Tvorennya Demokratii. Tradytsii Gromads’koi Aktyvnosti v Suchasnii Italii [Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy]. Kyiv, Osnovy, 2001 [in Ukrainian].
23. Lypov V. Tranzitsionnaya Vpadina, Institutsional’noe Napryazhenie i Komplementarnaya Obuslovlennost’ Institutsional’nykh Izmenenii v Sotsial’no-Ekonomicheskikh Sistemakh, v: Postsovetskii Institutsionalizm: Desyat’ Let Spustya. V 2 t. T. 1. [Transitional Cavity, Institutional Tension and Complementary Conditioning of Institutional Changes in Socio-Economic Systems, in: Post-Soviet Institutionalism: Ten Years Later. In 2 vol. Vol 1]. Donetsk, GVUZ DonNTU, 2013, pp. 224–242 [in Russian].
24. Luttwak E. Strategiya. Logika Voiny i Mira [Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace]. Moscow, D. Pozharsky University, 2012 [in Russian].
25. Lypov V. Institutsional’naya Komplementarnost’ Sotsial'no-Ekonomicheskikh Sistem [Institutional Complementarity of Socio-Economic Systems]. Kharkov, V.N. Karazin KhNU PH, 2011 [in Russian].
PROBLEMS OF THE ECONOMIC THEORY
V I K T O R T A R A S E V Y C H,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Department of Political Economy,
© Tarasevych Viktor, 2018;
O L E N A Z A V H O R O D N ² A,
Associate Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Professor of the Department of Political Economy,
© Zavhorodnia Olena, 2018;
National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine,
4, Gagarin Ave., Dnipro, 49600, Ukraine
INNOVATION-INFORMATION ECONOMY: POSTINDUSTRIALITY, GENERATIVITY, OPENNESS
Actual problems of postindustrial innovation-information economy in the context of European choice of Ukraine under conditions of global transformations are being considered. The innovation-information economy is characterized as a leading component, source, generator and core of self-development of the postindustrial economy, progressive evolution of the national economy and society. First of all, it concerns neos innovations of substantive type and knowledge-intensive information as a form of representation of scientific knowledge, the effective means of directed updating and transformation of the ecogenes and economic genome of national economic actors, engine of their creative activity. Modern innovation-information revolution determines the objective character of the laws of scientific intellectualization and innovative informatization of economic activity.
A unique innovation-generating role of knowledge and knowledge-intensive information is determined, in particular, by their substrate qualities, including: almost absolute metamorphism, indifference to carrier material, increased mobility, an ability to be subject to appropriation without proper alienation, an effective integrator of production factors and a catalyst for innovation capital formation, a moderator of the cyclic co-evolution of the basic components of the innovation-information economy. In reproductive economic processes, knowledge and knowledge-intensive information are represented directly as special essential forces of economic participants and in the form of innovation-information products (in non-market sphere of reproduction) or innovation-information goods (in market sphere of reproduction). These products and goods are carriers of the basic qualitative characteristics of knowledge and knowledge-intensive information, which allows them to be the leading “players” of the global economy.
The creative potential of development inherent in the innovation-information economy can be realized only under conditions of its nationally oriented openness to the leading global trends and processes, in particular: (i) comprehensive knowledge-intensive informatization and computerization; (ii) active creative development of the economy and society; (iii) actualization of economic creativity and freedom; (iv) competitive cooperation and civilized struggle; (v) expansion of mobile and highly professional human capital. The innovation-information economy should become a powerful vanguard of the national development.
Keywords: postindustrial; innovation-information economy; knowledge-intensive information; neos; ecogenetics; self-development; generativity; creativity; openness (pp. 36–48).
Refereces 17; Figures 9; Tables 2.
1. Ekonomika Tsivilizatsii v Global’nom Izmerenii [The Economy of Civilizations in Global Dimension]. A.A.Porokhovskii, V.N.Tarasevich (Eds.). Moscow, TEIS, 2011 [in Russian].
2. Tarasevych V.M., Zavhorodnia O.O. Prolegomeny do ekonomichnoi neosologii [Prolegomena to economic neosology]. Byuleten’ mizhnarodnoho Nobelivs’koho ekonomichnoho forumu – Messenger of the International Nobel Economic Forum, 2012, No. 1 (5), Vol. 1, pp. 117–125 [in Ukrainian].
3. Zavhorodnia O.O. Aktual’ni kontsepty ekonomichnoi teorii innovatsii [Current concepts of economic theory of innovation]. Ekonomichna teoriya – Economic Theory, 2016, No. 2, pp. 5–17 [in Ukrainian].
4. Kuz’minov Ya.I., Bendukidze K.A., Yudkevich M.M. Kurs Institutsional’noi Ekonomiki: Instituty, Seti, Transaktsionnye Izderzhki, Kontrakty [Institutional Economics Course: Institutions, Networks, Transaction Costs, Contracts]. Moscow, SU HSE, 2006 [in Russian].
5. Bowles S. Mikroekonomika. Povedenie, Instituty i Evolyutsiya [Microeconomics. Behavior, Institutions, and Evolution]. Moscow, Delo, 2010 [in Russian].
6. Nelson R.R., Winter S.G. Evolyutsionnaya Teoriya Ekonomicheskikh Izmenenii [An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change]. Moscow, Delo, 2002 [in Russian].
7. Polanyi M. Sense-Giving and Sense-Reading, in: Intellect and Hope: Essays in the Thought of Michael Polanyi. Langford T.A., Poteat W.H. (Eds). Durham, N.C., Duke University Press, 1968.
8. Varavva M.Yu. Stanovlenie Ekonomiki, Osnovannoi na Znaniyakh [The Formation of a Knowledge-Based Economy]. Orenburg, OSAU, 2008 [in Russian].
9. Popper K.R. On the Theory of Objective Mind, in: Akten des XIV. Internationalen Kongress fur Philosophie. Wien, Herder-Universitát Wien, 1968.
10. El’meev V.Ya., Tarando E.E. Sotsiologiya Sobstvennosti [Sociology of Property]. St. Petersburg, Palmira, 2000 [in Russian].
11. Val’tukh K.K. Informatsionnaya Teoriya Stoimosti i Zakony Neravnovesnoi Ekonomiki [Information Value Theory and the Laws of a Non-Equilibrium Economy]. Moscow, Yanus-K, 2001 [in Russian].
INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT
Y U L I Y A Z A L O Z N O V A,
Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine,
2, Zheliabova St., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine
© Zaloznova Yuliya, 2018;
UKRAINE’S INDUSTRY: MODERN CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS
Ukraine’s industry is now going through a difficult stage, being under pressure of new geopolitical, geo-economic, technological and social changes. Therefore, it becomes important to find effective solutions regarding the systematic updating of industrial model of Ukraine, adequate to new global challenges and national interests. Scientific and practical discussion on problems of industrial development and new industrial policy in Ukraine lasts for several years. However, the aspects of effective inclusion of Ukraine’s industry in process of neo-industrialization, which is a leading global trend, are still insufficiently highlighted.
It is emphasized that due to present state of deep deindustrialization in Ukraine, it is impossible to provide adequate responses to the current challenges to national security and economic sovereignty of the Ukrainian state, global competitiveness of domestic economy, full-fledged subjectivity of Ukraine in international processes and structures, and social and environmental responsibility.
The main problems, which will have a significant impact on conditions of the formation of a new industry in Ukraine according to neo-industrial scenario, are highlighted. These problems will also determine the main directions and instruments of the state industrial policy. As the most significant, the author called the problems caused by de-industrialization: unsatisfactory volumes, pace, structure of production and lack of investment, innovations and qualified personnel. Risks are also associated with a large share of informal economy (shadowing) and informal employment. The reforming is also significantly constrained by the absence of a strategic parity interaction between government and business. Special attention should be paid to the problem of regulating and protecting the property rights, primarily intellectual property rights. The problem of Crimea and Donbas will also have a controversial impact on growth potential and structural changes in the industry.
The strategy of Ukraine’s industrial development should be focused on overcoming these strategically significant problems. It is stressed that the chance for a tangible increase in efficiency of industrial production, which is provided by neo-industrialization, should be implemented on a tight schedule based on effective industrial policy.
Keywords: industry; industrial strategy; industrial policy; neo-industrialization; economic development (ðð. 49–68).
1. Heyets V.M. Bar”ery na shlyakhu rozvytku promyslovosti na innovatsiynii osnovi ta mozhlyvosti ikh podolannya [Barriers on a way of development of the industry on the innovative basis and possibilities to overcome them]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2015, No. 1, pp. 4–25 [in Ukrainian].
2. Heyets V.M. Instytutsional’na obumovlenist’ innovatsiinykh protsesiv u promyslovomu rozvytku Ukrainy [Institutional conditionality of innovative processes in Ukraine’s industrial development]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2014, No. 12, pp. 4–19 [in Ukrainian].
3. Heyets V.M. 25 rokiv transformatsiinykh zmin. Shcho dali? [25 years of transformations. What’s next?]. Ekonomika i prognozuvannya –Economy and Forecasting, 2016, No. 2, pp. 7-8, available at: http://eip.org.ua/docs/EP_16_2_07_uk.pdf [in Ukrainian].
4. Gorbulin V. Ukraine nuzhna novaya promyshlennaya politika, kotoraya by otvechala natsional’nym interesam [Ukraine needs a new industrial policy that would meet national interests]. Zerkalo nedeli – Week’s Mirror, 2010, January 14, available at: https://zn.ua/ECONOMICS/ukraine_nuzhna_novaya_promyshlennaya_politika,_kotoraya_by_otvechala_natsionalnym_interesam.html [in Russian].
5. Kindzerskyi Yu. Problemy rozvytku promyslovosti ta rozbudovy efektyvnoi promyslovoi polityky v Ukraini [Problems of industry development of effective industrial policy in Ukraine]. Ukrains’kyi zhurnal Ekonomist – Ukrainian journal Economist, 2012, No. 8, pp. 15–22; No. 10, pp. 33–40 [in Ukrainian].
6. Kindzerskyi Yu. Do pytannya formuvannya stratehii rozvytku promyslovosti, polityky ta mekhanizmiv ii realizatsii [Question of formation of industry development strategy, policy and mechanisms of its realization]. Ukrains’kyi zhurnal Ekonomist – Ukrainian journal Economist, 2013, No. 8, pp. 8–14; No. 9, pp. 27–32 [in Ukrainian].
7. Kindzers’kyi Yu.V. Promyslovist’ Ukrainy: Stratehiya i Polityka Strukturno-Tekhnolohichnoi Modernizatsii [Industry of Ukraine: Strategy and Policy of Structural and Technological Modernization]. Kyiv, NAS of Ukraine, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2013 [in Ukrainian].
8. Kindzers’kyi Yu.V. Do zasad stratehii ta polityky rozvytku promyslovosti [To the principles of a strategy and a policy of development of the industry]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2013, No. 4, pp. 24–43; No. 5, pp. 38–55 [in Ukrainian].
9. Kindzers’kyi Yu.V. Antykryzova promyslova polityka: variant vitchyznyanoho kontseptu [Anti-crisis industrial policy: version of domestic concept]. Visnyk Natsional’noi akademii nauk Ukrainy – Visnyk of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2016, No. 10, pp. 27–42, available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/vnanu_2016_10_6 [in Ukrainian].
10. Zveryakov M.I. Promyslova polityka i mekhanizm ii realizatsii [Industrial policy and a mechanism of its realization]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2016, No. 6, pp. 3–18 [in Ukrainian].
11. Mazur V.L. Problemy promyslovoi polityky v Ukraini [Problems of the industrial policy in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2016, No. 11, pp. 3–18; No. 12, pp. 47–60 [in Ukrainian].
12. Kyzym M.O. Promyslova Polityka ta Klasteryzatsiya Ekonomiky Ukrainy [Industrial Policy and Clusterization of the Economy of Ukraine]. Kharkiv, INZhEK, 2011 [in Ukrainian].
13. Khaustova V.E. Promyslova Polityka Ukrainy: Formuvannya ta Prohnozuvannya [Industrial Policy of Ukraine: Formation and Forecasting]. Kharkiv, INZhEK, 2015 [in Ukrainian].
14. Zinchenko V.A. , Khaustova V.E. Suchasna promyslova polityka: modeli ta instrumenty ii realizatsii [Contemporary industrial policy: models and tools for the implementation]. Biznes Inform – Business Inform, 2016, No. 4, pp. 79–87, available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/binf_2016_4_13 [in Ukrainian].
15. Danylyshyn B.M. Taktyka evolyutsionizmu v suchasnomu ekonomichnomu rozvytku svitu (v aspekti Tret’oi ta Chetvertoi promyslovykh revolyutsii) [The tactics of evolutionism in world’s modern economic development (in the aspect of the third and fourth industrial revolution]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2016, No. 8, pp. 44–61 [in Ukrainian].
16. Danylyshyn B.M. Yak Ukraini povernutysya v klub promyslovo rozvynenykh krain [How can Ukraine return to the club of industrially developed countries]. Dzerkalo tyzhnya – Week’s Mirror, 2017, December 1, available at: https://dt.ua/promyshliennost/yak-ukrayini-povernutisya-v-klub-promislovo-rozvinenih-krayin-262070_.html [in Ukrainian].
17. Vyshnevs’kyi V.P. Promyslova polityka: teoretychnyi aspekt [Industrial policy: theoretical aspect]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2012, No. 2, pp. 4–15 [in Ukrainian].
18. Amosha O.I., Vishnevskyi V.P., Zbarazska L.O. Neoindustrializatsiya i novaya promyshlennaya politika Ukrainy [Neo-industrialization and new industrial policy]. Ekonomika promyshlennosti – Economy of Industry, 2012, No. 1-2 (57-58), pp. 3–36 [in Russian].
19. Promyshlennaya Politika i Upravlenie Razvitiem Promyshlennosti v Usloviyakh Sistemnykh Disbalansov: Kontseptual’nye Osnovy [Industrial Policy and Management of Industrial Development in the Context of Systemic Imbalances: the Conceptual Framework]. V.P. Vishnevskii, L.A. Zbarazskaya (Eds.). Donetsk, Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, 2013 [in Russian].
20. Amosha A.I., Vishnevskii V.P., Zbarazskaya L.A. et al. Promyshlennost’ i promyshlennaya politika Ukrainy 2013: aktual’nye trendy, vyzovy, vozmozhnosti [Industry and industrial policy of Ukraine 2013: current trends, challenges, opportunities]. Ekonomika promyshlennosti – Economy of Industry, 2014, No. 2 (66), pp. 80–131; No. 3 (67), pp. 72–102 [in Russian].
21. Natsional’na Model’ Neoindustrial’noho Rozvytku Ukrainy [National Model of Neoindustrial Development of Ukraine]. V.P. Vishnevskii (Ed.). Kyiv, Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, 2016 [in Ukrainian].
22. Zbarazska L.O. Neoindustrializatsiya v Ukraini: kontsept natsional’noi modeli [Neoindustrialization in Ukraine: concept of national model]. Ekonomika promyslovosti – Economy of Industry, 2016, No. 3 (75), pp. 5–32 [in Ukrainian].
23. Vyshnevs’kyi V.P. Global’na neoindustrializatsiya ta ii uroky dlya Ukrainy [Global neoindustrialization and its lessons for Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2016, No. 8, pp. 26–43 [in Ukrainian].
24. Lyakh O.V. Promyslova polityka v umovakh detsentralizatsii derzhavnoho upravlinnya: stratehiya rozumnoi spetsializatsii [Industrial policy under decentralization of public administration: strategy of smart specialisation]. Ekonomika promyslovosti – Economy of Industry, 2016, No. 2 (74), pp. 74–90 [in Ukrainian].
25. Girshfel’d A. Sozdanie strategii razvitiya promyshlennosti – zhivoi protsess [Creating an industrial development strategy is a living process]. Zerkalo nedeli – Week’s Mirror, 2017, February 3, available at: http://gazeta.zn.ua/promyshliennost/sozdanie-strategii-razvitiya-promyshlennosti-zhivoy-process-_.html [in Russian].
26. Amosha A.I., Zaloznova Yu.S., Cherevatskii D.Yu. Ugol’naya Promyshlennost’ i Gibridnaya Ekonomika [Coal Industry and Hybrid Economy]. Kyiv, Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, 2017 [in Russian].
GOVERNING THE ECONOMY: THEORY AND PRACTICE
V I K T O R M A N D Y B U R A,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Principal Researcher of the Department of Economic Theory
© Mandybura Viktor, 2018;
Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine,
26, Panas Myrnyi St., Kyiv, 01011, Ukraine,
V L A D Y S L A V A K H Y Z H N Y A K,
Associate Professor, Cand. of Econ. Sci.,
Chief Scientific Consultant of the Department of Complex Problems
of State-Building Legislation
© Khyzhnyak Vladyslava, 2018;
Institute of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine,
4, Nestorovs’kyi Lane, Kyiv, 04053, Ukraine
THE MAIN CONTRADICTION OF CONSUMER MARKET RELATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME IT
In the context of European integration, Ukraine has committed itself to ensure a high level of consumer rights protection and to achieve consistency between consumer rights protection systems in Ukraine and the EU. First of all, this concerns the introduction of high standards of responsibility in the consumer sphere, which are currently valid in the EU, into domestic practice. Primarily, this concerns the improvement of the system of adequate economic responsibility of business for of consumer rights violation.
The main contradiction of consumer market is connected with the opposite of interests of its main subjects: business-producers (sellers), on the one hand, and the population, or end users of life’s goods – on the other. This contradiction is a system of relations that arise between interests of producers and sellers seeking to maximize personal profits and interests of the population, which seeks to meet personal needs for consumption of goods and services that are safe for health and life. Under certain conditions of disparity in implementation of private interests and inadequate economic responsibility of business for violating the consumer rights, this contradiction may become aggravated and turn into antagonistic one.
Today, legally fixed economic sanctions for cases of criminal violations of consumer rights are calculated by the normatively determined number of non-taxable minimum income of citizens. These sanctions from the point of view of their economic conformity with the losses incurred by end users, are completely unacceptable. Therefore, further use of the non-taxable minimum as a base value when determining the amount of economic sanctions for a criminal violation of consumer rights is inadmissible. At the same time, all other social and economic norms and standards, in particular, minimum wage, living wage, etc., cannot be used as a normative-base quantity (this is confirmed by domestic and world practice). Instead of the non-taxable minimum of citizens’ incomes, it is necessary to introduce a normative-base quantity, which in its essence is: (i) quantity of the scale-fixed value; (ii) determined on the basis of using the indicators of income base of the consolidated state budget and fixed in UAH terms; (iii) acting during the current fiscal year.
Keywords: antagonistic contradiction of consumer market; consumer interests; business interests; risks and threats of consumers; institution of trust; marketing; consumerism; mechanisms to overcome antagonisms of consumer market; mechanism for ensuring the quality of end-use goods (pp. 69–88).
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