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12.11.2018

¹ 10, 2018

Êiëüêiñòü ïåðåãëÿäiâ: 354
C O N T E N T S, No. 10, 2018 
 
V A L E R I I   H E Y E T S, 
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci., Academician of the NAS of Ukraine,
Editor-in-Chief of the “Economy of Ukraine” Journal, Director,
Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine,
26, Panasa Myrnoho St., Kyiv, 01011, Ukraine
 
ECONOMIC PRACTICE – ON A SCIENTIFIC BASIS (pp. 3–9)
 
PROBLEMS OF THE ECONOMIC THEORY
 
UDC 330.34:338.1(477) 
M Y K H A I L O   Z V E R Y A K O V,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine,
Rector, Odesa National Economic University,
8, Preobrazhenska St., Odesa, 65082, Ukraine

© Zveryakov Mykhailo, 2018; 
e-mail: rector@oneu.edu.ua
 
THEORETICAL PARADIGM OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 
AND UKRAINIAN REALITIES

Summary
For Ukraine, restoring and ensuring the sustainable growth of the national economy through the involvement of, first and foremost, internal factors become extremely important. Therefore, finding out the causes of unsustainable economic growth is an important task of economic science.
It is shown that Ukraine’s economy entered a phase of unsustainable growth due to exhaustion of the potential of restorative growth, reduction of the flow of export earnings and foreign capital and increase of external debt. The nature of recessions and upsurges in various economic models is researched. It is found that the national economy is in a state of prolonged recession replaced by minor upsurges, which gives rise to the illusion of overcoming the crisis.
It is proved that for Ukraine’s economy there persists a threat to remain in the parameters of stagnation and small growth. The nature of transformation cycle, which includes two phases, is disclosed. Such a cycle determines the boundaries of transition period. The completion of recession and the transition to a stage of sustainable growth are possible only when the mechanism of the capitalist reproductive cycle of industrial capital is launched. It is concluded that the industrial cycle is an immanent form of development of new equipment and technology in a market economy.
It is acknowledged that during the years of market transformation, the contradictions inherent in the transition period are not solved. These unresolved contradictions have become essential features of the existing model of capitalism in Ukraine, which give it a specifically historical identity. 
It is noted that the deep causes of the crisis of the Ukrainian model are embodied in the system of social reproduction of industrial capital, which, under conditions of market mechanisms, caused a sharp contraction of manufacturing industries and expansion of the raw material sectors.
The proposition is justified that a way out of current problems and transition to the sustainable development trajectory are possible on the basis of a new model that would combine market and state-regulated principles. The necessity to develop the comprehensive plan for updating the material and technological structure of the national economy is substantiated.
 
Keywords: sustainable development; transformation recession; reproduction of industrial capital; new model of sustainable development; program-target method of planning (ðð. 10–31).
 
References 7; Table 1.
 
References
1. Kuz’min V. Polzuchii rost ekonomiki [Creeping economic growth]. Zerkalo nedeli – Week’s Mirror, 2018, No. 29 [in Russian].
2. Minakova N.V. Ustoichivyi rost v usloviyakh otkrytoi ekonomiki [Sustainable growth in an open economy]. SShA i Kanada: ekonomika, politika, kul’tura – USA and Canada: economy, politics, culture, 2018, No. 1, pp. 59–72 [in Russian].
3. Aslund A. Mif o kollapse proizvodstva posle krusheniya kommunizma [The myth of output collapse after communism]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of economy, 2001, No. 7, pp. 116–125 [in Russian].
4. Dynkin A. Mirovye ekonomicheskie trendy [World economic trends]. Vol’naya ekonomika – Free economy, 2018, No. 5, pp. 23–27 [in Russian].
5. Kornai J. Transformatsionnyi spad [Transformational recession]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of economy, 1994, No. 3, pp. 4–10 [in Russian].
6. Krasnikova Å.V. Osobennosti Stanovleniya Postsotsialisticheskogo Kapitalizma [Features of the Formation of Post-Socialist Capitalism]. Moscow, TEIS, 2005 [in Russian].
7. Zveryakov M.I. Globalizatsiya i deindustrializatsiya: zmist, superechnosti ta sposoby ikh rozv”yazannya [Globalization and deindustrialization: content, contradictions and ways to solve them]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 12, pp. 3–12 [in Ukrainian].
 
The article was received by the Editorial staff on July 4, 2018.
 
 
UDC 330.101
V L A D I M E R  P A P A V A,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Academician of the Georgian NAS,
Professor at the Faculty of Economics and Business
© Papava Vladimer, 2018; e-mail: 
vladimer.papava@tsu.ge

 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University,
1, Chavchavadze Ave., Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia
 
ON THE CRISIS IN ECONOMIC SCIENCE AND THE WAYS TO OVERCOME IT

Summary
The nature of the crisis of economic science, the main reasons for its formation and historical and modern examples of its manifestation are analyzed. Due to the crisis, economic science lags behind the economic reality. The most obvious examples of this lag are the transition to a market economy in the post-communist countries and the global financial and economic crisis of 2007–2009. Currently, the crisis in economics concerns the widespread cryptocurrency system, but it has not yet become the subject of systematic research by scientists. In the matter of overcoming this crisis situation, it is important how the human factor is reflected in such studies and how close it will be to the behavior of a real person. To achieve this goal, economists must use the knowledge accumulated in other social sciences – philosophy, psychology, law and political science. In economic studies, the conditions, which are implied in the traditional phrase “ceteris paribus”, should be minimized by using the scientific tools of these social sciences.
Currently, various economic theories confront each other, but it is more expedient to focus attention (wherever it’s possible) on finding the general that will contribute to their synthesis. This will help economists more comprehensively perceive the economic reality. It is in this context that some approaches are proposed for finding the main ways to overcome the crisis in economics.
 
Keywords: economic science; economics; cryptocurrencies; human factor; social sciences; ceteris paribus; synthesis of economic theories (pp. 32–52). 
 
References 110. 
 
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99. Kim V.V., Blazhevich N.V. Jazyk Nauki: Filosofsko-Metodologicheskie Aspekty [Science Language: Philosophical and Methodological Aspects]. Ekaterinburg, Bank kul’turnoi informatsii, 1998, available at: http://elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/3588/2/philos_edu_4.pdf [in Russian].
100. Devitt M., Sterelny K. Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.
101. Marsonet M. Science, Reality, and Language. Albany, N.Y., State University of New York Press, 1995.
102. Dergachev V. Geoekonomika (Sovremennaya Geopolitika) [Geo-Economics (Modern Geopolitics)]. Kiev, VIRA-R, 2002 [in Russian].
103. Kochetov E.G. Geoekonomika (Osvoenie Mirovogo Ekonomicheskogo Prostranstva) [Geo-Economics (Development of the World Economic Space)]. Moscow, BEK PH, 1999 [in Russian].
104. Gasimli V. Geo-Economics. Baku, Aston Print LLC, 2015, available at: http://sam.az/uploads/PDF/Geo-Economic.pdf.
105. Kvinikadze G. Conceptualization of geo-economic threats in small countries with transition economies. Economic and Regional Studies, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 3, ðð. 42–52.
106. Solberg Søilen K. Geoeconomics. London, Bookboon, 2012, available at: https://bookboon.com/en/geoeconomics-ebook.
107. Hsieh C.-Y., Mangum S.L. A Search for Synthesis in Economic Theory. Armonk, M.E. Sharpe, 1986. 
108. Ananiashvili I., Papava V. Laffer-Keynesian Synthesis and Macroeconomic Equilibrium. New York, Nova Science Publishers, 2014.
109. Langdana F.K. Macroeconomic Policy: Demystifying Monetary and Fiscal Policy. New York, Springer Sciece+Business Media, 2009.
110. Tuerck D.G. Macroeconomics: Integrating Theory, Policy and Practice for a New Era. New York, Business Expert Press, 2015.
 
The article was received by the Editorial staff on July 4, 2018.
 
 
UDC 330.101; 330.11; 330.8 
A N D R I I  G R Y T S E N K O,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
 Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine,
Deputy Director,
Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine,
26, Panasa Myrnoho St., Kyiv, 01011, Ukraine

© Grytsenko Andrii, 2018; 
å-mail: agrytsenko@ief.org.ua
 
ECONOMIC EDUCATION: 
THE WAY FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE

Summary
A current state of understanding the new economic realities and the role of economic education in it are shown. The conclusion is substantiated that the main content of economic education should be the formation of an economic way of thinking that can be provided only on the basis of learning the economic theory. This theory equips man with the means of disclosing the essence in unity with its external forms of manifestation and thus provides the mean for choosing the adequate measures of influence on the economic reality in order to transform it in proper direction. 
The main components of the formation of economic thinking are revealed. The disciplines providing the qualitative, quantitative and dimensional analysis of economic phenomena and processes, as well as disciplines of logical-historical, subject-functional and functional-level cycles, are determined. The interrelation of economy, finance and management on the micro, macro and international levels of their functioning is characterized.
Changes to the list of knowledge and specialties branches, the content of economic education and the organization of highly qualified specialists training are proposed. It is reasonable to allocate the economics from the field of knowledge “Social and behavioral sciences” into a particular branch and its combination with finance and management, which today belong to the field of knowledge “Management and administration”. Proposals are also submitted that aimed at improving the content of education in the magistracy and organizing the training of Ph.D in economics and doctors of science in economics. 
Based on the above, it is concluded that economic education is a necessary mediating link and a path from economic theory, which is a way of mental exploration of economic reality, to the use of the system of economic categories and laws as means of determining tools to influence real economic phenomena and processes. Therefore, the practical function of economic theory lies, first of all, in its ability to find ways of transforming the reality adequate to the economic system. And efficient and effective practical recommendations can be formulated on this basis only.
 
Keywords: economic theory; economic education; economy; finance; management (ðð. 53–70).
 
References 11; Figures 5; Tables 2.
 
References
1. Hegel G.W.F. Nauka Logiki [Science of Logic]. St. Petersburg, Nauka, 1997 [in Russian].
2. Artemova T.I., Gritsenko A.A., Krichevskaya T.A. et al. Ierarkhiya i Seti v Institutsional’noi Arkhitektonike Ekonomicheskikh Sistem [Hierarchy and Networks in the Institutional Architectonics of Economic Systems]. A.A. Gritsenko (Ed.). Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2013 [in Russian].
3. Bragina E. Novaya normal’nost’ [New normality], available at: http://www.mirec.ru/2012-04/novaa-normalnost [in Russian].
4. Korablin S.O. Makroekonomichna Dynamika Ukrainy: Pastka Syrovynnykh Rynkiv [Macroeconomic Dynamics of Ukraine: the Trap of Commodity Markets]. Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2017 [in Ukrainian].
5. Gritsenko A.A. Razvitie Form Obmena, Stoimosti i Deneg [The Development of Forms of Exchange, Value and Money]. Kyiv, Osnova, 2005 [in Russian].
6. Il’enkov E.V. Stanovlenie lichnosti: k itogam nauchnogo eksperimenta [Formation of personality: to the results of a scientific experiment]. Kommunist – Communist, 1977, No. 2, pp. 68–79 [in Russian].
7. Hegel G.W.F. Nauka Logiki. T. 3 [Science of Logic. Vol. 3]. Moscow, Mysl’, 1972 [in Russian].
8. Mandelbrot B.B. Fractals: Form, Chance, and Dimension. San Francisco, CA and Reading, UK, W.H. Freeman & Co., 1977.
9. Mandelbrot B.B. The Fractal Geometry of Nature. New York, US and Oxford, UK, W.H. Freeman & Co., 1982.
10. Zhukov D.S., Lyamin S.K. Fraktal’noe modelirovanie sotsial’no-politicheskikh fenomenov i protsessov [Fractal modeling of socio-political phenomena and processes], available at: http://www.ineternum.ru/ineternum/aaa_fractal_centre/pdf/statii/pro_nunc.pdf [in Russian].
11. Zhikov V.V. Fraktaly [Fractals]. Sorosovskii obrazovatel’nyi zhurnal. Matematika – Soros Educational Journal. Mathematics, 1996, No. 12, pp. 109–117 [in Russian].
 
The article was received by the Editorial staff on August 15, 2018.
 
UDC 330.3(339.9)
I G O R   M A N T S U R O V, 
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci., 
Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine,
Director of the Institute for System Statistical Studies
14, Lvivska Sq., Kyiv, 04053, Ukraine

© Mantsurov Igor, 2018; 
e-mail: imantsurov@gmail.com.
 
 
INCLUSIVE GROWTH AS A BASIS FOR COUNTERING 
THE GLOBAL CHALLENGES OF NOWADAYS

Summary
To some extent, the article generalizes the results of the author’s research on the integrated assessment of the current state and dynamics of Ukraine’s economic development. Summarizing these long-term studies, the author: (i) formulates the inclusive growth conceptual definition in the format of ideological interpretation done by the international organizations; (ii) assessed the current state of Ukraine’s economy in the context of its compliance to the inclusive growth international standards, and (iii) developed the state policy measures, which implementation would help to overcome the crisis phenomena in the country’s economy and counteract the global challenges of nowadays. New approaches, developed by the international community in the format of implementation of the concept of inclusive growth to counter these challenges, are analyzed.
These approaches are most concentrated in the OECD Council Program paper “New Approaches to Economic Challenges” (NAEC). The document formulates an important system process aimed at developing and consistent improving the analytical activities and tools to be used by international organizations and governments of individual countries to address the issues outlined above. 
Using the main components statistical method, the methodology for assessing the current state of Ukraine’s economy is improved and analysis of its compliance with international standards of inclusive development is carried out. According to the analysis results, an important conceptual conclusion regarding the existing state of economic behavior of Ukraine is made. It is proved that the current model of economic behavior in Ukraine does not correspond to the challenges of nowadays, which, in turn, leads to such a state of Ukraine’s economy, which is characterized by signs of pathological and toxicity. Theoretical definition of these economic concepts is presented.
As a result of the multidimensional assessment of Ukraine’s economy, practical recommendations for improving the state economic policy are developed. It is also proved that implementation of these recommendations would contribute to the achievement of the standards of sustainable inclusive development.
 
Keywords: estimation of the national economy characteristics; inclusive growth; pathology and toxicity of the national economy; improvement of the state economic policy (ðð. 71–87).
References 6; Figures 3; Tables 5; Formula1.
References
1. North D. Instituty, Institutsional’nye Izmeneniya i Funktsionirovanie Ekonomiki [Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance]. Moscow, Nachala, Chapters 1, 9–11, 1997 [in Russian].
2. Soros G. Krizis Mirovogo Kapitalizma: Otkrytoe Obshchestvo v Opasnosti [The Crisis of Global Capitalism: Open Society Endangered]. Moscow, INFRA-M, 1999, ÕÕVI [in Russian].
3. Stiglitz J.E. Ekonomika Gosudarstvennogo Sektora [Economics of the Public Sector]. Moscow, MSU PH, INFRA-M, 1997 [in Russian].
4. Mantsurov I.G. Instytutsiine Planuvannya v Systemi Derzhavnoho Rehulyuvannya Ekonomiky [Institutional Planning in the System of the State Regulation of the Economy]. Kyiv, SREI, 2014 [in Ukrainian].
5. Mantsurov I.G., Erina A.M., Mazurenko O.K. et al. Makroekonomichna Statystyka [Macroeconomic Statistics]. I.G. Mantsurov (Ed.). Kyiv, KNEU, 2013, Vol. 1 [in Ukrainian].
6. Tymoshenko O.V. Ekonomichna Bezpeka Natsional’noi Ekonomiky v Umovakh Globalizatsii [Economic Security of the National Economy under Conditions of Globalization]. Kyiv, “Nash Format” Ltd, 2016 [in Ukrainian].
 
The article was received by the Editorial staff on July 17, 2018.
 
 
 
UDC 339.9:001:111.83
V I K T O R   T A R A S E V Y C H,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Department of International Economics,
Political Economy and Governance,
National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine,
4, Haharina Ave., Dnipro, 49600, Ukraine,
© Tarasevych Viktor, 2018;
e-mail: viktarasevich@gmail.com

PROBLEMATIQUE OF THE TRUTH IN THE WORLD ECONOMIC SCIENCE

Summary
The actual problematique of the truth, its content and types in the context of the evolution of classical, non-classical and post-non-classical science are considered in the article. The critical characteristic of the correspondent, pragmatic, coherent, conventional and consensus concepts of the truth is given. The concept of holistic truth is proposed and substantiated. Emphasis is placed on its universumic character, complex organization and structure.
The holistic truth is defined as the n-dimensional conformity of the economic- universumic knowledge to the super-complex human-dimensional economic temporal space (object) in its (conformity) interrelationship with human activity, its spheres and elements. The “inner world”, the construction of a holistic truth, which is precisely understood in this way, in the first approximation can be represented by three interrelated components: scientific, non-scientific and synthetic.
The scientific component of the holistic truth is a complex system of interrelationships: on the one hand, the relation of scientific economic knowledge to the object, and, on the other hand, the relations of knowledge to the subject, conditions, process, result, etc., to scientific and practical economic activity, as well as the relations of economic knowledge to itself. Elements of the non-scientific component of the holistic truth can be interrelationship of relations of: (i) non-scientific economic knowledge to various phenomena of the corresponding type of comprehension and reflected reality in a universumic context; (ii) non-scientific knowledge to itself and to knowledge – the results of other types of knowledge. Synthetic component of the holistic truth is the combination and synergy of the scientific and non-scientific components. The number of such combinations cannot be described briefly, since various relationships of many types of comprehension and cognition must be considered both among themselves and with their attitudes to numerous phenomena of human activity.
Thus, in modern science, along with the increasing complexity of scientific truth and the process of its comprehension, there is a ripening understanding of the impossibility of the latter without addressing the holistic truth and its comprehension. It is necessary to learn how to determine the extent and conformity of the holistic truth, the rigid conditions, preconditions and boundaries in which the economic-universumic knowledge corresponds to one or another sphere of an intricate human-dimensional object.
 
Keywords: classical, non-classical and post-non-classical science; correspondent, pragmatic, coherent, conventional, consensus and holistic truth (ð. 88–100).
References 26.
 
References
1. Rakitov A.I. Sintagmaticheskaya revolyutsiya (50 let spustya) [Syntagmatic revolution (50 years later)]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2012, No. 7, ðð. 100–109 [in Russian]. 
2. Lebedev M. Perspektivy sovremennykh kontseptsii nadezhnosti znaniya [Prospects of modern concepts of reliability of knowledge]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2007, No. 11, pp. 119–132 [in Russian]. 
3. Novaya Filosofskaya Entsiklopediya, v 4 t. T.2 [New Encyclopedia of Philosophy, in 4 vol. Vol. 2]. V.S. Stepin (Ed.). Moscow, Mysl’, 2010 [in Russian].  
4. Levin G. Sovremennyi relyativizm [Modern relativism]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2008, No. 8, pp. 73–82 [in Russian]. 
5. Ekonomika kak Iskusstvo: Metodologicheskie Voprosy Primeneniya Ekonomicheskoi Teorii v Prikladnykh Sotsial’no-Ekonomicheskikh Issledovaniyakh [Economics as an Art: Methodological Issues of the Application of Economic Theory in Applied Social and Economic Research]. O.I. Anan’in (Ed.). Moscow, Nauka, 2008 [in Russian]. 
6. Antonovskii A.Yu. Nauka kak obschestvennaya podsistema. Niklas Luman o mekhanizmakh social’noi evolyutsii znaniya i istiny [Science as a social subsystem. Niklas Luhmann on the mechanisms of social evolution of knowledge and truth]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2017, No. 7, pp. 154–167 [in Russian].
7. Konstruktivizm v epistemologii i naukakh o cheloveke (materialy “kruglogo stola”) [Constructivism in epistemology and sciences of man (proceedings of the round-table)]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2008, No. 3, pp. 3–37 [in Russian]. 
8. Stepin V. U istokov sovremennoi filosofii nauki [At the beginnings of the modern philosophy of the science]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2004, No. 1, pp. 5–13 [in Russian]. 
9. Anan’in O. Ekonomicheskaya nauka v zerkale metodologii [The economics at the mirror of the methodology]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 1999, No. 10, pp. 135–151 [in Russian]. 
10. Schliesser E. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya i eksperiment: Isaak N’yuton, Milton Fridmen i Vernon Smit [The economics and experiment: Isaac Newton, Milton Friedman and Vernon Smith]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of the Economy, 2007, No. 3, pp. 55–70 [in Russian].
11. Lowson T. Sovremennaya “ekonomicheskaya teoriya” v svete realizma [A realist respective on contemporary “economic theory”]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of the Economy, 2006, No. 2, pp. 75–98 [in Russian].
12. Kuntzel S. Evolyutsionnoe modelirovanie i kriticheskii realism [Evolutionary modeling and critical realism]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of the Economy, 2009, No. 1, pp. 101–118 [in Russian].
13. McCormick P. Tehnologicheskaya kon”yunktura, eticheskaya innovatsiya i sposobnost’ videt’ istinu v “Eko-etike” [Technological conjuncture, ethical innovation and ability to see truth in “Eco-ethics”]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2011, No. 10, pp. 76–91 [in Russian]. 
14. Colander D. Revolyutsionnoe znachenie teorii slozhnosti i budushchee ekonomicheskoi nauki [The revolutionary importance of the complication’s theory and future of economics]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of the Economy, 2009, No. 1, pp. 84–100 [in Russian].
15. Boldyrev I. Eronomicheskaya metodologiya i postmodernism [Economic methodology and postmodernism]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of the Economy, 2006, No. 11, pp. 59–78 [in Russian]. 
16. Tarasevich V.N. Postneklassicheskii vyzov fundamental’noi ekonomicheskoi nauke [Postnonclassical challenge to fundamental economic science]. Voprosy ekonomiki – Issues of the Economy, 2004, No. 4, pp. 107–117 [in Russian]. 
17. Blaug M. Trevozhnye protsessy v sovremennoi ekonomicheskoi teorii [The anxious processes in modern economic theory]. Proceedings from: K voprosu o tak nazyvaemom “krizise” ekonomicheskoi nauki. Teoreticheskii seminar IMEMO [To the question about so-called “crisis” of the economic science. IIEIR theoretical seminar]. Moscow, IIEIR of the RAS, 2002, pp. 5–63 [in Russian].
18. Lebedev S.A. Peresborka epistemologicheskogo [Re-assembly of the episemological]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2015, No. 6, pp. 53–64 [in Russian]. 
19. Kaz M. Pochemu v ekonomicheskikh issledovaniyakh neobkhodim kognitivnyi podkhod? [Why in economic researches the cognitive approach is necessary?]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2009, No. 4, pp. 29–40 [in Russian].
20. Lasarev F., Lebedev S. Problema istiny v sotsial’no-gumanitarnykh naukakh: interval’nyi podkhod [Truth problem in social and humanitarian sciences: interval approach]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2005, No. 10, pp. 95–115 [in Russian]. 
21. Levin G. Metodologicheskie printsipy dialoga materialistov s veruyushchimi [Methodological principles of dialogue of materialists with believers]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2008, No. 10, pp. 78–90 [in Russian].
22. Shakhov M. Realizm kak obshchaya osnova religioznogo i nauchnogo znaniya [Realism as the general basis of religious and scientific knowledge]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2008, No. 10, pp. 66–77 [in Russian].
23. Petrenko V., Kucherenko V. Meditatsiya kak forma neposredstvennogo poznaniya [Meditation as a form of immediate knowledge]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2008, No. 8, pp. 83–101 [in Russian].
24. Sorokin P.A. Chelovek. Tsivilizatsiya. Obshchestvo [Person. Civilization. Society]. Moscow, Politizdat, 1992 [in Russian].
25. Lebedev S.A. Structura nauchnoi ratsional’nosti [The structure of scientific rationality]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2017, No. 5, pp. 66–79 [in Russian].
26. Dalmair F. Nikolai Kuzanskii o vere, znanii i uchenom neznanii [Nikolay Kuzansky about faith, knowledge and scientific nescience]. Voprosy filosofii – Issues of Philosophy, 2007, No. 2, pp. 35–41 [in Russian]. 
 
The article was received by the Editorial staff on June 11, 2018.
 
 
GOVERNING THE ECONOMY: THEORY AND PRACTICE 
 
 
UDC 334.021:622.33
 
O L E K S A N D R  A M O S H A,
Doctor of Econ. Sci., Professor, 
Academician of the NAS of Ukraine, Director
© Amosha Oleksandr, 2018; e-mail:
 amocha@nas.gov.ua;
 
D A N Y L O  C H E R E V A T S K Y I,
Cand, of Techn. Sci., Senior Researcher,
Head of Department of Perspective Development of Fuel and Energy Complex
© Cherevatskyi Danylo, 2018; e-mail: 
cherevatskyi@nas.gov.ua

Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine,
2, Zhelyabova St., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine
 
 
DEVELOPMENT OF THE COAL INDUSTRY IN MODERN CONDITIONS
 
Summary
Technological revolutions are special moments of paradigmatic shifts, when the old industrial branches are still needed, but they go away, and the new industries have already manifested itself, but have not yet received proper business support. In modern conditions the economic problems of coal mines coincide with the toughening of the sustainable development ensuring requirements, which leads to the collapse of the industry under the pressure of energy in renewable sources.
The authors since the nineties of the twentieth century are promoting the idea of introducing economic-organizational hierarchies, such as industrial parks, in the coal industry, for example, the scheme of corporate development of the mine field, according to which a private company at the state mine develop own piece of mine field, and the state enterprise provides the company with paid services for lifting, transportation, ventilation, drainage, power supply, sanitary and hygienic maintenance of personnel. This resulted in the purpose of the article – the justification of the expediency of the hierarchies in the coal industry in the situation of the modern industrial revolution. The research by methods of scientific abstraction, analysis and synthesis leads to a non-trivial solution to the comprehensive coverage of degrading and emerging industries. For example, there is the industrial park formed on the mine with accumulation of energy, which are necessary for the functioning of energy in renewable sources. Such parks should act as a kind of parachute for the enterprises of the "falling" coal industry and as a "booster" for the most modern power engineering. The clusters of industrial parks as the energy hubs in the mining regions provide the opportunity to diversify the activity of coal enterprises and find a solution of a large number of economic and social problems.
 
Keywords: heterarchy; industrial park; coal mine; underground power storage; regional power hub; cluster  (pp. 101–109).
References 12.
 
References
 
1. Dali C. Coal giant Peabody Energy on verge of bankruptcy, available at: http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2016/03/22/peab-m22.html.
2. Makinally P. Kak sdelat’ rossiiskie shakhty rentabel’nymi [How to make Russian mines cost-effective]. Ugol’ – Rusian Coal journal, 1999, No. 9, pp. 46–50 [in Russian].
3. Morgan D. Global Commodities Beyond the Boom. Sydney, UBC securities Australia Ltd, 2014.
4. Dunning T.J. Trades’ Unions and Strikes: Their Philosophy and Intention. London, Published by the author, and Sold by M. Harley, No. 5, Raquet court, Fleet street, E.C, 1860. 
5. Filatov Yu.V., Naumov Yu.A., Leshchinskii A.A., Cherevatskii D.Yu. Opyt korporativnoi razrabotki shakhtnogo polya [Experience of corporate development of a mine field]. Ugol’ Ukrainy – Coal of Ukraine, 2000, No. 11, pp. 25–28 [in Russian].
6. Cherevatskii D.Yu. Eksternal’naya ugledobycha [Externalities coal mining]. Energobiznes – Energy business, 2018, No. 26 (1068), available at: http://e-b.com.ua/get/?t=energo&id=83113 [in Russian].
7. Amosha A.I., Kozhushok O.D., Radchenko V.V., Halimendikov E.M., Cherevatskii D.Yu., Yushkov E.O. Ot promyshlennogo predpriyatiya k promyshlennomu parku: smena paradigmy na primere sh/u “Pokrovskoe” [From an industrial enterprise to an industrial park: a paradigm shift on the example of the “Pokrovskoye” mine administration]. Ekonomika promyslovosti – Economy of Industry, 2013, No. 1-2, pp. 13–17 [in Russian].
8. Illyashov M.A., Levit V.V., Cherevatsky D.Yu. Trekhmernye industrial’nye parki: opredelenie, osobennosti i napravleniya razvitiya [Three-dimensional industrial parks: definition, characteristics, and development trends]. Ekonomika promyslovosti – Economy of Industry, 2015, No. 1, pp. 74–83 [in Russian].
9. Perez C. Tekhnologicheskie Revolyutsii i Finansovyi Kapital: Dinamika Puzyrei i Periodov Protsvetaniya [Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital: The Dynamics of Bubbles and Golden Ages]. Moscow, Delo, 2011 [in Russian].
10. Litvintseva G.P. Krizis investitsii kak rezul’tat nesootvetstviya strukturno-tekhnologicheskikh kharakteristik ekonomiki ee institutsional’nomu ustroistvu [The investment crisis as a result of the discrepancy between the structural and technological characteristics of the economy to its institutional arrangement]. Problemy prognozirovaniya – Problems of forecasting, 2003, No. 6, pp. 23–40 [in Russian].
11. Fedosenko N. Koreis’ka kompaniya hotova zbuduvaty v Ukraini rezervni energoskhovyshcha [The Korean company is ready to build a reserve energy storage facility in Ukraine], available at: http://ecotown.com.ua/news/Koreyska-kompaniya-hotova-zbuduvaty-v-Ukrayini-rezervni-enerhoskhovyshcha/ [in Ukrainian].
12. Erickson À. Germany shows the world how to make electricity in a disused coal mine, available at: http://www.collective-evolution.com/2017/03/31/how-to-make-electricity-in-a-disused-coal-mine/.
 
The article was received by the Editorial staff on July 16, 2018.
 
 
UDC 662.767-048.35 (477)
Y E V H E N   P A N C H E N K O,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Department of International Management
Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman
54/1, Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine

© Panchenko Yevhen, 2018; 
e-mail: kaf404-mm@ukr.net.
 
 
MODERNIZATION OF UKRAINE’S 
GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM: 
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL CHALLENGES

Summary
It is shown that Ukraine’s gas transportation system (GTS) plays a key role in the national energy sector and supplies of Russian gas to the EU. However, it is very outdated, has low competitiveness and needs urgent modernization. This is especially true of the technical-technological and organizational-managerial components of Ukraine’s GTS. 
In this regard, it is necessary to comprehensively study the conditions, trends and mechanisms for the modernization of Ukraine’s GTS in the context of convergence of the Ukrainian and European gas markets to enhance energy security and achieve sustainable development of Ukraine and the EU based on compliance with the requirements of the Third Energy Package.
The research revealed the features of Ukraine’s GTS modernization related to: (i) its large scale (over 38.5 thousand km); (ii) depreciation of fixed assets; (iii) a very inefficient management system; (iv) low (less than 50%) capacity utilization. This leads to a low efficiency of the GTS operation and requires significant funds for its modernization.
An important direction of technical and technological modernization of the GTS is the earliest creation, especially for Ukraine, of industrial gas turbine engines of the new generation that can increase efficiency to the level of the best foreign analogues. A separate component of the technical and technological modernization of Ukraine’s GTS is the adaptation of its parts to operate within underutilization of transport and pumping capacities.
It is concluded that it is fundamentally impossible to increase the competitiveness of Ukraine’s GTS to the European level both in the process of ongoing modernization and in the future without partnership with leading foreign gas transport companies. Partners are needed by Ukraine’s operator not so much for sharing experience, but for cardinal modernization of the national GTS. Our chosen partner should take on some of the responsibility for the future fate of Ukraine’s GTS.
 
Keywords: modernization; gas transportation system; diversification; European Union; Ukraine (ðð. 110–126).
References 22; Tables 2.
 
References
1. Gayduts’kyi P.I. Nezabuti Reformy v Ukraini [Unforgotten reforms in Ukraine]. Kyiv, DKS-center Ltd, 2017 [in Ukrainian].
2. Pavlenko O. Tretii neprokhidnyi [The third impassable]. Dzerkalo tyzhnya – Week’s Mirror, 2017, No. 24, p. 11 [in Ukrainian].
3. Er’omenko A. Chomu evrosusidy ne duzhe rozrakhovuyut’ na ukrains’ku GTS [Why does the European neighbors not really count on the Ukrainian GTS]. Dzerkalo tyzhnya – Week’s Mirror, 2017, No. 25, p. 8 [in Ukrainian].
4. Moskalevych I. Dats’kyi khrest dlya “Gazpromu” [Danish cross for Gazprom]. Dzerkalo tyzhnya – Week’s Mirror, 2018, No. 26, p. 8 [in Ukrainian].
5. Hawking S. Vselennaya Stivena Khokinga. Tri Knigi o Prostranstve i Vremeni [Stephen Hawking’s Universe. Three Books about Space and Time]. SPb, Amfora, 2014 [in Russian].
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