¹ 7-8, 2019Êiëüêiñòü ïåðåãëÿäiâ: 10
C O N T E N T S, No. 7-8, 2019
PROBLEMS OF THE ECONOMIC THEORY
K O S T Y A N T Y N B E Z G I N,
Doctor of Econ. Sci., Associate Professor,
Professor of the Department of Management and Behavioral Economics
Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University,
21, 600-richchya St., Vinnytsia, 21021, Ukraine,
© Bezgin Kostyantyn, 2019;
V O L O D Y M Y R U S H K A L Y O V,
Cand. of Econ. Sci., Associate Professor,
Associate Professor of the Department of Enterprise Economics and Management
Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics,
9-A, Nauky Ave., Kharkiv, 61116, Ukraine,
© Ushkalyov Volodymyr, 2019;
BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS: AN EPISTEMIC TURN IN THE INTERPRETATION OF RATIONALITY
The purpose of the article is to formulate a hypothesis regarding the relationship and dynamic balance between normative and descriptive epistemology, which is established in the process of interpreting rational human behavior to create and accumulate congruent economic knowledge.
In the face of growing complexity and uncertainty of the external environment, the role of critical thinking skills is increasing, which intensify the cognitive co-evolution of a person and environment by neutralizing evolutionarily formed cognitive dysfunctions. As an axiological nucleus it is proposed to use the theory of rational choice – the standard of human behavior, which contributes to the diffusion of complexity and uncertainty of the external environment. However, the presence of an axiological nucleus is a necessary but not sufficient condition, which allows it to be adequately integrated with the subject substrate. For this, one requires the relevant knowledge of those behavioral features that are presented by the epistemic periphery that dynamically changes and also permanently detects and fixes the properties and characteristics of the neural substrate, its phenomenology and behavioral characteristics. The knowledge being accumulated on the epistemic periphery of economic science allows adequately reloading the programs of the human mind to bring them into line with modern requirements for the cognitive abilities of economic agents, and also to create an internally holistic and consistent system of economic knowledge, which will take into account the complexity and multidimensional development of human-sized systems.
The epistemic balance of normative and descriptive epistemology in the context of the interpretation of rational behavior may lie in a hypothesis that eliminates the dichotomy of normative and positive economic knowledge and is based on taking into account the structure of human cognitive processes, as well as the growing complexity and uncertainty of the external environment.
Keywords: choice; cognitive distortion; cognitive processes; rationality; heuristics (pð. 3–15).
References 20; Tables 2.
1. Fetisov G.G., Khudokormov A.G. Mirovaya Ekonomicheskaya Mysl’. Skvoz’ Prizmu Vekov, v: Vsemirnoe Priznanie: Lektsii Nobelevskikh Laureatov. V 5 t. [World Economic Thought. Through the Prism of Centuries, in: World Recognition: Lectures by Nobel Laureates. In 5 volumes]. Moscow, Mysl’, 2004, Vol. 5 [in Russian].
2. Stepin V.S. Klassika, Neklassika, Postneklassika: Kriterii Razlicheniya, v: Postneklassika: Filosofiya, Nauka, Kul’tura [Classics, Non-Classics, Post-Non-Classics: Criteria for Distinguishing, in: Post-Non-Classics: Philosophy, Science, Culture]. SPb, PH «Mir», 2009, pp. 249–295 [in Russian].
3. Razumovs’kyi S.A. Ratsional’nist’ «ekonomichnoi lyudyny» [The rationality of the “economic man”]. Humanitarnyi chasopys – Humanitarian almanac, 2009, No. 1, pp. 68–77, available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/gumc_2009_1_11 [in Ukrainian].
4. Maturana H., Varela F. Drevo Poznaniya: Biologicheskie Korni Chelovecheskogo Ponimaniya [The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding]. Moscow, Progress-Traditsiya, 2001 [in Russian].
5. Weber M. Obraz Obshchestva. Izbrannye Sochineniya [The Image of Society. SelectedWorks]. Moscow, Yurist, 1994 [in Russian].
6. Habermas J. Tekhnika i Nauka kak «Ideologiya» [Technology and Science as «Ideology»]. Moscow, Praksis, 2007 [in Russian].
7. Habermas J. Moral’noe Soznanie i Kommunikativnoe Deistvie [Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action]. SPb, Nauka, 2001 [in Russian].
8. Levit S.Ya. Kul’turologiya. XX Vek: Antologiya [Culturology. XX Century: Anthology]. Moscow, Yurist, 1995 [in Russian].
9. Simon H. Ratsional’nost’ kak protsess i product myshleniya [Rationality as a process and as product of thought]. Teoriya i istoriya ekonomicheskikh i sotsial’nykh institutov i sistem – THESIS, 1993, No. 3, pp. 16–38 [in Russian].
10. Simon H., Smithburg D., Thompson V. Menedzhment v Organizatsiyakh [Public Administration]. Moscow, Ekonomika, 1995 [in Russian].
11. Vatamaniuk O.Z. Ratsional’nist’ povedinky lyudyny v ekonomichnii nautsi: kontseptsiya obmezhenoi ratsional’nosti [Rationality of human behavior in economics: bounded concept rationality]. Ekonomichna teoriya ta pravo – Economic theory and law, 2018, No. 3, pp. 11–25, available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Vnyua_etp_2018_3_3 [in Ukrainian].
12. Kahneman D., Slovic P., Tversky A. Prinyatie Reshenii v Neopredelennosti: Pravila i Predubezhdeniya [Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases]. Kharkov, Gumanitarnyi tsentr, 2005 [in Russian].
13. Sloman S.A. The empirical case for two systems of reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 1996, No. 1, pp. 3–22.
14. Stanovich K.E., West R.F. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2000, No. 5, pp. 645–726.
15. Evans J.St.B.T. Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 2008, Vol. 59, pp. 255–278.
16. Bezgin K.S. Upravlenie Protsessom Sozdaniya Tsennosti na Predpriyatii: Polisub”ektnost’ i Kollaboratsiya [Managing the Process of Creating Value in an Enterprise: Polysubjectivity and Collaboration]. Kharkov, NTMT, 2015 [in Russian].
17. Mlodinow L. (Neo)soznannoe. Kak Bessoznatel’nyi Um Upravlyaet Nashim Povedeniem [Subliminal: How Your Unconscious Mind Rules Your Behavior]. Moscow, Livebook, 2012 [in Russian].
18. Graves Ph. Klientologiya. Chego na Samom Dele Khotyat Vashi Pokupateli [Consumerology: The Market Research Myth, the Truth About Consumers, and the Psychology of Shopping]. Moscow, Mann, Ivanov i Ferber, 2013 [in Russian].
19. Wegner D.M. The Illusion of Conscious Will. Cambridge, MA., the MIT Press, 2002.
20. Kenrick D., Griskevicius V. Ratsional’noe Zhivotnoe. Sensatsionnyi Vzglyad na Prinyatie Reshenii [The Rational Animal: How Evolution Made Us Smarter Than We Think]. SPb, Piter, 2015 [in Russian].
The article was received by the Editorial staff on January 29, 2019.
GOVERNING THE ECONOMY: THEORY AND PRACTICE
T A R A S V A S Y L T S I V,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Acting Head of the Department of Social and Economic Development of the Regions
Institute of Regional Research named after M. I. Dolishniy of the NAS of Ukraine,
4, Kozelnytska St., Lviv, 79026, Ukraine
© Vasyltsiv Taras, 2019;
R U S L A N L U P A K,
Associate Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Associate Professor of Department of Economics
Lviv University of Trade and Economics,
10, Tugan-Baranovsky St., Lviv, 79005, Ukraine
© Lupak Ruslan, 2019;
STRATEGIC GUIDELINES FOR IMPORT SUBSTITUTION POLICY IN UKRAINE:
REGIONAL PECULIARITIES AND ASPECTS OF ECONOMIC SECURITY
The content-typological characteristics of import substitution are considered, in particular, taking into account the regional specificity and focus on the economic security of the state. Protective and liberal views on import substitution policies are highlighted. It is concluded that the regional policy of import substitution is a separate integral direction of the state policy, which is implemented with the purpose of overcoming systemic risks and threats of import dependence of the interregional and local markets, and is implemented using a set of mechanisms, tools and measures available, most acceptable and effective at the regional level. A significant role is assigned to the generalization of the world experience of the state regulation of import substitution; this is especially important in the context of the formation and implementation of state policy in Ukraine in this area.
The results of the analysis confirm the high level of import dependence of Ukraine’s domestic market and pronounced trends towards increasing dependence and growing threats to the economic security of the state. Assessments are made and features of import dependence by regions are identified; this shows excessive territorial-spatial differentiation and high criticality of the scale and trends of intra-regional consumption of imported goods in Ukraine. A high level of import dependence is inherent in all regions of the state, since the share of imports in domestic consumption has exceeded the critical value in 13 regions and the average share over the country – in six regions. The share of imports in domestic consumption was within the optimal value in three regions only.
The systemic nature of the problem of import substitution involves the need to strategize the state policy in this area, in particular, taking into account regional peculiarities. Based on the preliminary grouping of the regions of Ukraine by the characteristics of import dependence and potential for counteraction, the authors propose strategic decisions on the state regulation of counteraction to import dependence, development of the domestic market, and strengthening of economic security of the regions as a prerequisite for ensuring the country’s economic security.
Keywords: import substitution; regional policy; economic security of the state; import dependence; tools and means (ðð. 16–32).
References 12; Figures 3; Tables 3.
1. Heyets V.M. Instytutsiina obumovlenist’ innovatsiinykh protsesiv u promyslovomu rozvytku Ukrainy [Institutional conditionality of innovative processes in Ukraine’s industrial development]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2014, No. 12, pp. 4–19 [in Ukrainian].
2. Amosha O.I., Aptekar S.S., Bilopolskyi M.G., Yurii S.Sh. et al. Strukturni Reformy Ekonomiky: Svitovyi Dosvid, Instytuty, Stratehii dlya Ukrainy [Structural Reforms of the Economy: World Experience, Institutions, Strategies for Ukraine]. Ternopil, Ekonomichna dumka TNEU, 2011 [in Ukrainian].
3. Rynky Real’noho Sektora Ekonomiky Ukrainy: Strukturno-Instytutsional’nyi Analiz [Real Economy Sector Markets in Ukraine: A Structural-Institutional Analysis]. V.O. Tochylin (Ed.). Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2009 [in Ukrainian].
4. Heyets V.M., Shinkaruk L.V., Artomova T.I. et al. Strukturni Zminy ta Ekonomichnyi Rozvytok Ukrainy [Structural Changes and Economic Development of Ukraine]. L.V. Shinkaruk (Ed.). Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2011 [in Ukrainian].
5. Mel’nyk T.M., Pugachevs’ka K.S. Importozalezhnist’ ekonomiky Ukrainy i priorytety selektyvnoho importozamishchennya [Import-dependence of Ukraine’s economy and priorities of selective import substitution]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2016, No. 4, pp. 29–44 [in Ukrainian].
6. Mazaraki A., Mel’nyk T. Import ta perspektyvy importozamishchennya v Ukraini [Import and prospects of import substitution in Ukraine]. Visnyk Kyivs’koho natsional’noho torhovel’no-ekonomichnoho universytetu – Herald of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, 2012, No. 6, pp. 5–15 [in Ukrainian].
7. Dolishniy M.I. Rehional’na Polityka na Rubezhi XX–XXI Stolit’: Novi Priorytety [Regional Policy at the Turn of the XX-XXI Centuries: New Priorities]. Kyiv, Naukova dumka, 2006 [in Ukrainian].
8. Vlasyuk O.S. Natsional’na Bezpeka Ukrainy: Evolyutsiya Problem Vnutrishn’oi Polityky. Vybr. nauk. pratsi [National Security of Ukraine: The Evolution of Domestic Policy Issues. Selected scientific works]. Kyiv, NISS, 2016 [in Ukrainian].
9. Derzhavna Rehional’na Polityka Ukrainy: Osoblyvosti ta Stratehichni Priorytety [State Regional Policy of Ukraine: Features and Strategic Priorities]. Z.S. Varnalii (Ed.). Kyiv, NISS, 2007 [in Ukrainian].
10. Derzhavne Upravlinnya Rehional’nym Rozvytkom Ukrainy [State Administration for Regional Development of Ukraine]. V.E. Vorotin, Ya.A. Zhalilo (Eds.). Kyiv, NISS, 2010 [in Ukrainian].
11. Problemy, Napryamy ta Chynnyky Spryyannya Rozvytku Vnutrishn’oho Rynku Ukrainy (Real’nyi Sektor Ekonomiky) [Problems, Directions and Factors of Promoting the Development of the Domestic Market of Ukraine (Real Sector of the Economy)]. A.I. Danylenko, L.V. Deineko, V.O. Tochylin (Eds.). Kyiv, Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, 2013 [in Ukrainian].
12. Gorbulin V.P., Kachyns’kyi A.B. Stratehichne Planuvannya: Vyrishennya Problem Natsional’noi Bezpeky [Strategic Planning: Addressing National Security Issues]. Kyiv, NISS, 2010 [in Ukrainian].
The article was received by the Editorial staff on March 26, 2019.
FINANCES. TAXES. CREDIT
UDC 336.1: 339.7
V A S Y L K U D R Y A S H O V,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Head of Department of Public Finances,
State Educational-Scientific Establishment
“The Academy of Financial Management”,
38, Druzhby Narodiv Blvd., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine
© Kudryashov Vasyl, 2019;
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPING A PACKAGE OF FISCAL RULES FOR UKRAINE
Fiscal rules relate to one of the leading public finance management mechanisms, which is in the process of modernization. The use of the fiscal rules is of great importance in most countries and aims at increasing the fiscal responsibility of governments, strengthening the control of fiscal policy by independent institutions, as well as supranational bodies, and increasing transparency of budget operations. The author concludes that in order to improve the quality of fiscal policy, Ukraine needs to introduce fiscal rules, which should take into account the experience of foreign countries and the features of the development of our country. A number of strategic documents adopted in Ukraine are aimed at applying the fiscal rules, but their implementation is hampered. It is recognized as necessary to expand and clarify the domestic fiscal rules (taking into account the experience of their updating in the EU and the peculiarities of public finance management in Ukraine). Fiscal rules should be transformed into working ones by establishing the procedure for practical application, regulating the powers and obligations of participants in their implementation, and approving the implementation procedures in budgetary processes.
Certain provisions adopted on fiscal policy restrictions are only the first steps in introducing the fiscal rules in our country. Their use provides for the development and implementation of a whole range of legislative acts and introduction of amendments to public administration mechanisms and budgetary procedures. The application of fiscal rules requires a clear definition of the goals and objectives of fiscal policy in the medium and long term and eliminating the sharp changes in inflation and the exchange rate, maintaining a high level of budget centralization and the pressure of funding programs on government sub-sectors. Introducing the restrictions on fiscal consolidation should not be detrimental to economic growth and support for financial stability. It is proposed to introduce four fiscal rules in Ukraine. At the same time, their application should be carried out in stages, taking into account the formation of the necessary infrastructure, regulatory and legal support, adoption of proper procedures and gradual transfer to all subsectors of public administration.
Keywords: fiscal rules; fiscal policy; management of public finances; fiscal responsibility; transparency of budget operations; implementation of fiscal rules (pð. 33–54).
References 10; Figure 1; Tables 4.
1. Kudrjashov V.P. Upravlinnya byudzhetnymy operatsiyamy z urakhuvannyam fiskal’nykh pravyl [Management of budget operations according to fiscal rules]. Finansy Ukrainy – Finance of Ukraine, 2018, No. 12, pp. 31–51 [in Ukrainian].
2. Blankart Ch. Derzhavni Finansy v Umovakh Demokratii: Vstup do Finansovoi Nauky [Public Finance in a Democracy: Introduction to Financial Science]. V.M. Fedosov (Ed.). Kyiv, Lybid’, 2000 [in Ukrainian].
3. Iefimenko T. Fiscal reforms and sustainable development in Ukraine. Finansy Ukrainy – Finance of Ukraine, 2016, No. 3, pp. 7–14.
4. Bogdan T., Landesmann M. From fiscal austerity towards growth-enhancing fiscal policy in Ukraine, available at: https://wiiw.ac.at/from-fiscal-austerity-towards-growth-enhancing-fiscal-policy-in-ukraine-dlp-4189.pdf.
5. Gasanov S., Kudrjashov V., Balakin R. Nadnatsional’ni fiskal’ni pravyla ta koordynatsiya byudzhetnoi polityky v Evropeis’komu Soyuzi [Supranational fiscal rules and coordination of budgetary policy in the European Union]. Finansy Ukrainy – Finance of Ukraine, 2019, No. 3, pp. 37–55 [in Ukrainian].
6. Sokolovska A. Shlyakhy reformuvannya podatkovoi systemy Ukrainy [Ways of reforming the tax system of Ukraine]. Finansy Ukrainy – Finance of Ukraine, 2014, No. 12, pp. 103–121 [in Ukrainian].
7. Cangiano M., Curristine T., Lazare M. Public Financial Management and its Emerging Architecture. Washington, D.C., International Monetary Fund, 2013, available at: https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/bforums/2013/pfm/pdf/excerpt.pdf.
8. Kudryashov V. Fiskal’ni pravyla ta koryhuvannya byudzhetnoi polityky [Fiscal rules and adjustment of fiscal policy]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2018, No. 11-12, pp. 47–59 [in Ukrainian].
9. Lledó V., Yoon S., Fang X., Mbaye S., Kim Y. Fiscal rules at a glance, available at: https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/fiscalrules/Fiscal%20Rules%20at%20a%20Glance%20-%20Background%20Paper.pdf.
10. Colasanti F. Economic policy coordination in Stage II of Economic and Monetary Union, available at: https://resume.uni.lu/story/economic-policy-co-ordination-in-stage-ii-of-economic-and-monetary-u/.
The article was received by the Editorial staff on April 9, 2019.
O L G A K L Y M E N K O,
Chief Specialist of the Consumer Rights Protection Division
of the Department of Insurance Regulation and Supervision
National Commission for the State Regulation
of Financial Services Markets,
3, B. Grinchenka St., Kyiv, 01001, Ukraine
© Klymenko Olga, 2019;
DIRECTIONS FOR IMPROVING THE INSURANCE
The current state of the non-bank financial services markets is analyzed using the insurance market as an example. Features and directions of its development are revealed. The author considers the functioning of insurance companies in Ukraine’s market and insurance performance indicators for 2018 and early 2019. Based on the analysis, the problems of the insurance market activity that hinder its development are identified. Ukraine’s insurance market is gradually moving in a positive direction and has considerable potential for further development; however, it is still significantly inferior to similar markets in democratically and economically developed countries. The role of the insurance market in the socio-economic development of regions is researched. It is shown that the stability of functioning of the insurance services market directly depends on the state of Ukraine’s economy, GDP, and average wage and pension. The main factor limiting the rapid growth of this market is the low solvent demand of the population for insurance services. The specifics of the insurance market (along with consideration of this sector of non-banking financial services across the country), also requires detailing the nuances of the activities of entities operating in the regions of Ukraine. In order to increase the protection of consumers of insurance services, the state regulators need to take further measures to free the market from troubled, insolvent, and unscrupulous insurance companies, as well as to establish an economically justified level of remuneration for intermediaries and regulate their activity.
The main task to develop the institutions of non-bank financial services, in particular, the insurance market, is to increase Ukrainian citizens’ trust in them, and to integrate the legal framework in this field into the European legislative system. It is shown that the main goals and objectives of further development of these markets in Ukraine are to increase their transparency, capitalization, and liquidity.
The relevance of the assessment of the concentration of Ukraine’s insurance market and the concentration indicators are considered. The author analyses the relationship between the concentration of the market and the number of insurance companies on it. In order to improve the depth and reliability of the assessment of the concentration on Ukraine’s insurance market, it is proposed to introduce correcting coefficients to the limiting values of the Herfindahl-Hirschman index.
Keywords: the state; non-bank financial services; insurance; problems of the insurance market; competition; development (pð. 55–70).
References 18; Figures 2.
1. Klymenko O.V. Rynky nebankivs’kykh finansovykh posluh Ukrainy v umovakh kryzovoho stanu ekonomiky [Markets of nonbank financial services of Ukraine under conditions of economy’s crisis state]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2016, No. 7, pp. 33–45 [in Ukrainian].
2. Puriy H.M. Strakhovyi rynok Ukrainy: suchasnyi stan ta problemy rozvytku [Insurance market of Ukraine: current state and problems of development]. Efektyvna ekonomika – Effective economy, 2018, No. 10, available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=6609 [in Ukrainian].
3. Nikolaeva A.M. Rol’ rynku finansovykh posluh u sotsial’no-ekonomichnomu rozvytku rehioniv: teoretychnyi aspekt [Role of the financial services market in the socio-economic development: theoretical aspects]. Ekonomichnyi forum – Economic forum, 2017, No. 2, pp. 318–326 [in Ukrainian].
4. Patsuriya N.B., Voitsekhovs’ka I.M., Holovachîva A.S. Pravove Rehulyuvannya u Sferi Strakhuvannya ta Perestrakhuvannya: Problemy Teorii ta Praktyky [Legal Regulation in the Field of Insurance and Reinsurance: Problems of Theory and Practice]. Kyiv, Lira-K, 2017 [in Ukrainian].
5. Vilenchuk O.M. Teoretyko-metodolohichni zasady doslidzhennya strakhuvannya yak ekonomichnoi katehorii [Theoretical-methodological foundations of studies of insurance as an economic category]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2015, No. 7, pp. 18–28 [in Ukrainian].
6. Tret’yakova H. Strakhovyi ryzyk. Yak³ zminy suttevo vplynut’ na robotu strachovykiv, i chym tse zagrozhue rynku [Insurance risk. What changes will significantly affect the work of insurers, and what threatens the market]. Dzerkalo tyzhnya – Mirror Weekly, 2019, No. 4, p. 6 [in Ukrainian].
7. Shirinyan A.S., Shirinyan L.V. Konkurentospromozhnist’ rynku bankivs’kykh posluh Ukrainy: factor masshtabu [Competitiveness of Ukraine’s banking services market: scale factor]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2019, No. 2, pp. 37–48; No. 3, ðð.35–51 [in Ukrainian].
8. Malikova I.P. Otsinka kontsentratsii strakhovoho rynku Ukrainy, ii zv’yazok z protsesom monopolizatsii ta konkurentsii [Assessment of the concentration of the insurance market of Ukraine, its connection with the processes of monopolization and competition]. Naukovyi visnyk Khersons’koho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomichni nauky – Scientific Herald of Kherson State University. Ser.: Economic Sciences, 2017, Iss. 23, Part 3, pp. 76–79 [in Ukrainian].
9. Abakumenko O.V. Modelyuvannya rivnya konkurentsii na finansovomu rynku Ukrainy [Simulation of the level of competition in the financial market of Ukraine]. Biznesinform – BusinessInform, 2013, No. 5, pp. 302–310 [in Ukrainian].
10. Zolotaryova O.V. Klyuchovi tendentsii ta priorytety rozvytku rynku strakhovykh posluh v Ukraini [Key trends and priorities for the development of the insurance market in Ukraine]. Ekonomika i suspil'stvo – Economy and Society, 2017, No. 11, pp. 413–420 [in Ukrainian].
11. Hamankova O.O. Informatsiini vady doslidzhennya stupenya monopolizatsii rynku strakhovykh posluh Ukrainy [Information defects of the study of the degree of monopolization of the insurance services market in Ukraine]. Aktual’ni problemó ekonomiky – Actual problems of economics, 2009, No. 10, pp. 80–87 [in Ukrainian].
12. Dyba V.A. Suchasnyi stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku strakhovykh kompanii Ukrainy [The current state and prospects of insurance companies in Ukraine]. Ekonomika ta derzhava – Economy and the state, 2016, No. 11, pp. 80–83 [in Ukrainian].
13. Zaletov A.N. Strakhovanie v Ukraine [Insurance in Ukraine]. Kiev, BeeZone international agency, 2002 [in Russian].
14. Klymenko O.V. Rozvytok systemy rehulyuvannya rynkiv nebankivs’kykh finansovykh posluh v Ukraini [Development of the system of regulation of the markets of non-banking financial services in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2014, No. 5, pp. 60–71 [in Ukrainian].
15. Klymenko O.V. Sti³kist’ i stabil’nist’ rynkiv nebankivs’kykh finansovykh posluh Ukrainy [Sustainability and stability of non-banking financial services markets of Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 7, pp. 49–64 [in Ukrainian].
16. Shirinyan L.V., Shirinyan A.S. Metodolohiya kompleksnoi otsinky vidkrytosti rynkiv bankivs’kykh i strakhovykh posluh Ukrainy [Methodology for a comprehensive assessment of a market openness of the banking and insurance services in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2017, No. 12, pp. 34–51 [in Ukrainian].
17. Golovko-Marchenko I.S. Sutnist’ ponyattya konkurentospromozhnist’ pidpryemstva [The essence of the concept of enterprise competitiveness]. Tekhnologicheskii audit i rezervy proizvodstva – Technology audit and production reserves, 2013, No. 5/3 (13), pp. 46–48 [in Ukrainian].
18. Zinchyk S.M., Momot O.M. Ponyattya konkurentospromozhnosti yak ekonomichnoi katehorii suspil’noho rozvytku [The concept of competitiveness as an economic category of social development]. Proceedings from: Aktual’nye voprosy povysheniya konkurentosposobnosti gosudarstva, biznesa i obrazovaniya v sovremennykh ekonomicheskikh usloviyakh. Mezhd. nauchno-prakt. internet-konf. Poltava, 14–15 fevralya 2013 [Topical issues of increasing the competitiveness of the state, business and education in modern economic conditions. International scientific and practical Internet conference. Poltava, February 14–15, 2013]. Pp. 1/2-2/2, available at: http://www.confcontact.com/20130214_econ/1_zinchik.htm#tabs-9 [in Ukrainian].
The article was received by the Editorial staff on July 19, 2019.
SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN MANAGEMENT PRACTICE
M Y K O L A B U T K O,
Professor, Doctor of Econ. Sci.,
Head of the Department of Management and Civil Service
© Butko Mykola, 2019;
A L O N A R E V K O,
Associate Professor, Cand. of Econ. Sci.
© Revko Alona, 2019;
Chernihiv National University of Technology,
95, Shevchenka St., Chernihiv, 14035, Ukraine
PECULIARITIES OF FUNCTIONING OF THE SOCIO-HUMANITARIAN SPACE UNDER CONDITIONS OF
DECENTRALIZED MANAGEMENT: POLAND’S EXPERIENCE AND LESSONS FOR UKRAINE
The current strategy of sustainable development of Ukraine should include the development of a nationally consolidated, spiritual-intellectual, open-democratic, cultural-diverse, creative and informational society where the main dominant is the harmonization of the social environment with active horizontal and vertical ties, which are based on a well-grounded institutional provision. The objective of this strategy, given the loss of much of the economic potential, tragic victims and forcible migration from Crimea and East Ukraine, is to ensure the national identity, historical catholicity, comprehensive self-realization, socialization and a decent standard of living, security, formation of an innovatively dynamic economy and the system of national education, science, culture, medicine, physical culture and sports, recreation, and information integration of Ukrainian nation into a civilized world. The purpose of this article is to study the peculiarities of the manifestation of the socio-humanitarian space for the sustainable development of the regions of Ukraine and to develop a spatial model for the organization of social infrastructure under conditions of decentralized management based on the experience of the Republic of Poland. Structural-functional and space-regulating components of the socio-humanitarian space are determined. It is determined that institutions of social infrastructure are characterized by diversified properties, which are the basis for determining the spatial model of the organization of social infrastructure. This model depends on the interconnection of infrastructure facilities with the service space, as well as the number and structure of the population of this space. Based on Poland’s experience, a spatial model for the organization of the social infrastructure of the socio-humanitarian space of Ukraine is developed; the model grounds on a clear delineation of tasks and responsibilities between central and local authorities. The vectors of modernization of social infrastructure of the socio-humanitarian space of regions of Ukraine are determined.
Keywords: socio-humanitarian space; social infrastructure; subsidiarity; decentralization; local authorities; spatial model of social infrastructure (ðð. 71–88).
References 15; Figures 5; Table 1.
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The article was received by the Editorial staff on March 6, 2019.
SCIENCE DEDICATED ORPHEUS (TO THE MEMORY BORYS PASKHAVER) (ðð. 89–90)
SUMMARIES (pp. 91-94)
EDITORIAL POLICY AND ETHICAL PRINCIPLES (pp. 95-96)
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